|Geopolitics and patriotic education|
|Ivakin G.A. Views of Russian pravokonservatov on the institute of people’s representation||8|
|Cossacks in Russia is becoming a significant constructive and creative force||32|
|Stafeev O.N. Reasons of military rebellions in Surgut district in 1921||35|
|Alekseeva N.V. Penance in the system of church discipline in the XVIII - early XIX centuries||46|
|Bubnov R.S. The main activities of department of customs duties of the ministry of finance in the pre-revolutionary historiography||55|
|Alekseeva N.V. Voice in the spiritual life of Northern Russians: gender aspect (the second half of the XIX - the beginning of the XX centuries)||60|
|Archpriest Dmitri Leskin Historical and cultural standard as the basis for the formation of a single cultural and historical space in Russia||69|
|Sipyagina E.A. Charity work of Russian Orthodox church in the period of Patriarchate of Alexy II in 1990-2008||73|
|Zinchuk S.M. Intra-Church processes during the implementation of parish reform in the first half of the 1960s||80|
|Bormotova T.M. Review on “South Stream” Book||88|
Views of Russian pravokonservatov on the institute of people's representation
The article analyzes the ideological and theoretical views of the Russian right-handed people on the institution of popular representation that was born in the early twentieth century. The conceptual foundations of the right idea in Russia are affected. A comparative analysis of the nineteenth century projects is given - M.M. Speransky, N.N. Novosiltsev and projects P.A. Valuev, M.T. Loris - Melikov. Sports leaders conservatism on the introduction of representative institutions. And yet, in a complex revolutionary situation — an endless series of meetings, demonstrations of the working class, various political projects for reforming the country's management development model, dissatisfaction of the church bureaucracy with the oppressed position of the Orthodox Church, the political elite and executive power in the person of the outstanding figure P.A. Stolypin convinced the emperor to give impetus to the development of the public system of the state - by signing the Manifesto on October 17, 1905.
Keywords: absolutism, emperor, State Duma, State Council, Black Hundreds, Right, right-monarchism.
Reasons of military rebellions in Surgut district in 1921
Component of civil war in Russia was the peasant's movement which had multidirectional character: both for and against Soviet power. It gained especially broad scope in the second half of 1920-1921 having poured out in a series of anti-Communist peasant's revelations. The so-called West Siberian peasants' rebellion was one of the largest revolts. The Surgut district was one of regions of a revolt. Article is devoted to the reasons of the armed performances in the Surgut County in 1921. The conclusion about the multiple-factor nature of the reasons of the Surgut revolt is drawn. Where are the key reasons the economic policy of Bolsheviks which was not reckoning with real opportunities and the interests of the population of the region. Along with it the new power was in a conflict with traditions of local government and regulation of the relations of the «community» created in this region with their personal and commercial relations.
Keywords: Civil war, peasant activity, Surgut district, Prodrazvyorstka, Western Siberia peasant’s rebellion, War communism.
Penance in the system of church discipline in the XVIII - early XIX centuries
Orthodox epitimia practice in Russia in the late XVIII – early XIX centuries had its own characteristics that distinguish it from the subsequent period. By the 80s of the XVIII century in the jurisdiction of the Russian Orthodox Church remained only the imposition of penances on evading confession, guilty of adultery and persons and sent by a secular court. In addition to the standard, already established practices used in penances, there were so-called "monastic works" included in the penance, which had gender characteristics. This measure of spiritual punishment ceases to exist by the beginning of the XIX century.
Keywords: Russian Orthodox Church, penance, prayer, "monastic works".
The main activities of department of customs duties of the ministry of finance in the pre-revolutionary historiography
In article features of customs affairs in Russia in pre-revolutionary years are considered; the changes of tools and methods of tariff and non-tariff regulation of foreign trade caused by World War I are characterized.
Keywords: customs affairs, customs regulation, customs registration, customs monitoring, smuggling.
Voice in the spiritual life of Northern Russians: gender aspect (the second half of the XIX - the beginning of the XX centuries)
The problem of women's involvement in Orthodox spiritual practices in Russia has been in the development of theologians and secular scientists since the late 19th century. The place and role of women directly in the Orthodox vow tradition has not been studied in detail. The article aims to identify the reasons that encouraged women to take different types of vows. In addition, it was necessary to find out what actions included the vow practice and how it influenced the daily life of North Russian peasants.
Keywords: Orthodoxy, vow, Russian North, pilgrimage, piety, asceticism, woman.
Charity work of Russian Orthodox church in the period of Patriarchate of Alexy II in 1990-2008
This article analyzes the process of social service of The Russian Orthodox Church at the turn of XX-XXI century. Besides the specificity of Church charity in the 90s and 2000s is shown, problematic moments in carrying of the Church of his social service are discovered. It is important to consider that by 1990 its resources were quite limited, because the Church needed to finally rebuild its destroyed institutions after the Soviet persecution, however, since the 2000s in her charitable activities, a certain rise is planned. As a whole, taking into the consideration the enormous moral and material potential of The Russian Orthodox Church by the end of the 2010s, we can assume that The Church has every opportunity to expand its social service in the future.
Keywords: Russian Orthodox Church, social service of the Church, charity in Russia.
Intra-Church processes during the implementation of parish reform in the first half of the 1960s
In the article the author describes some important components and features of Church life in the period initiated by N. S. Khrushchev of parish reform, which, among other things, was aimed at undermining the financial base of the Russian Orthodox Church (further-ROC) in the USSR. It is noted that Stalin's post-war system of state-Church relations had a serious defect in the form of ineffective legal consolidation: in addition, after the end of the war, the need for loyalty to Orthodoxy and other religions disappeared. All this allowed Stalin's successors to carry out a number of serious measures aimed at weakening the Church. Khrushchev's religious policy differed from the persecution of the 1920s-1930s, because it included measures aimed at indirect destruction of Orthodoxy, primarily through administrative pressure on the clergy and laity. A typical manifestation of this trend can be considered a parish reform aimed at depriving the abbots of financial powers and transferring them into the hands of Church elders, appointed, in fact, by local authorities, which allowed to ruin churches and monasteries with the formal toleration of the regime.
Keywords: religion in the USSR, Russian Orthodox Church, parish reform, Khrushchev's persecution of the Church.
Alekseeva N.V., Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor. Federal budget educational institution higher vocational education «Cherepovets State University».
Archpriest Dmitri Leskin, Doctor of Philosophical Science, Professor, Rector of the Volga Orthodox Institute of St. Alexis, Metropolitan of Moscow, Member of the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation.
Bormotova T.M., Doctor of Sociology, Leading Researcher, Federal state institution of the Russian Research Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
Bubnov R.S., Northwestern Institute of Management of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Department of the public and municipal administration.
Ivakin G.A., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Applicant of the Government of the Russian Federation.
Sipyagina E.A., Kostroma State University.
Stafeev O.N., Candidate of Historical Sciences. Assistant professor of social-humanitarian education department, Surgut State Pedagogical University.
Zinchuk S.M., Kostroma State University.