|Geopolitics and patriotic education|
|Archpriest Dmitri Leskin State-church interaction in the field of education: the experience of the Samara region||8|
|To the Day of Defenders||16|
|Vodolatsky V.P. News block||17|
|Sidorov M.E. Foundation of army tourism||20|
|Ponomarenko L.V., Egorova M.A. Formation of the PRC foreign policy strategy in the context of the international situation and the formation of the New China (1911-1949)||30|
|Gahrymanova Nurana Research and teachings of international relations in Turkmenistan||54|
|Danilov V.V. Key Aspects of the Italian “Soft Power” Implementation in the Foreign Policy||59|
|Nagornova E.V., Nikashina N.V., Egorova L.A., Stanchulyak T.G. The study of the concept of “friendship” in R. Bradbury’s “Wine from dandelions”||66|
|Liu Na Lu Xun’s perception of Dostoevsky||76|
|Aldaghestani Wesameddin Saheb Mohd International Relations Studies in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan||89|
|Xie Yiping The participation of China in the creation of new financial institutions in the framework of the BRICS||95|
|Shershah Aryan Mohammad Hassan Afghanistan’s foreign policy evolution from the end of the 20th century to the beginning of the 21st century||109|
Archpriest Dmitri Leskin
State-church interaction in the field of education: the experience of the Samara region
The author reveals the features of the system of continuous theological and humanitarian education in the Samara region, which has been dynamically formed since the 1990s. Included in the holistic process of the revival of Orthodox education in modern Russia, the system reflects the pattern of its development, making a significant contribution to its formation and being a successful experience of church-state interaction.
Keywords: Orthodox education, theological education, theology, humanitarian education, church-state partnership, theology department, Orthodox classical gymnasium, College of humanitarian and socio-pedagogical disciplines, Volga Orthodox Institute.
Foundation of army tourism
The article is devoted to the development of army tourism in the USSR at all stages of its formation. The question of formation and development of this type of tourism wasn t studied tightly as in Soviet times and in our time. The relevance of this topic is the process of building the armed forces. This is an integral part of military history. The article explores the process and regularity of the origin and development of tourism in this direction as on the general chronological features of stages of their construction and on structural-organizational – types and a sort of troops.
Keywords: excursions, tourism, army, hike, military history.
Formation of the PRC foreign policy strategy in the context of the international situation and the formation of the New China (1911-1949)
The article is devoted to the important from the point of view of today's aggravation of the international situation and the growth of the geopolitical power of the PRC, the topic of shaping China’s foreign policy strategy in the period of transition from empire to republic and the formation of New China. The authors analyze the international situation that directly influenced Beijing’s diplomatic strategy and relations between China and key countries in the first half of the 20th century. In addition, the internal situation in the country, which had a direct impact on the authorities' approaches to foreign policy, was studied. The authors come to the conclusion that the period under consideration is important because it laid down the main features of Chinese diplomacy. The authors also show that today's foreign policy of the PRC is a consequence of the confrontation between the capitalist and socialist systems, which led to the fact that the Chinese authorities were forced to seek ways of maneuvering between the two international blocs with the need to preserve their own sovereignty. The authors emphasize that the closeness of China in the second half of the 20th century was associated precisely with attempts to protect sovereignty and not repeat the mistakes of the Qing dynasty and the republican period.
Keywords: foreign policy, diplomacy of the People's Republic of China, the Civil War in China, the Second World War, the Sino-Chinese War, the Kuomintang, the CPC, the international situation.
Research and teachings of international relations in Turkmenistan
The author considers the issues of research and teachings international relations in Turkmenistan. The peculiarity of the study of this topic is due to the lack of scientific literature and official information about international relations in Turkmenistan.
Keywords: Turkmenistan, international relations, teaching, diplomacy, political science, USSR, educational system, international cooperation.
Key Aspects of the Italian “Soft Power” Implementation in the Foreign Policy
The article analyzes the key aspects of the implementation of the “soft power” of Italy from the time of the Roman Republic to the present, as well as the main tools of the “soft power” of the country (in particular, public diplomacy and cultural policy). An analytical approach (historical and comparative analysis) was used as research methods. The research identified problems that hinder the more effective realization of Italy’s modern foreign policy strategy: the instability of the Italian economy, as well as the lack of a unified concept of promoting all the resources of Italy’s “soft power” that would activate authorized institutions.
Keywords: Italy, “soft power”, foreign policy, diplomacy.
The study of the concept of «friendship» in R. Bradbury’s «Wine from dandelions»
The study focuses on the artistic picture of the world of works of Ray Bradbury (1920-2012). This is an attempt to decode the story «Wine from Dandelions» (1957). The paper shows the results of the analysis-construction of the concept «Friendship» in this story. The work is filled with personal experiences, judgments and emotions of the author, which makes the study of the conceptual sphere of the text of the story particularly interesting. The concept is structured by semantic groups: a group of common content components, a group of dynamic components, a group of age components and a group of emotional value components. Each group includes a number of semantic parameters of the concept “Friendship”. Individual authorial knowledge about the world forms a specific conceptual sphere of friendship, structured according to the field principle.
Keywords: concept “Friendship”, concept sphere, concept periphery, story “Dandelion Wine”, concept core.
Lu Xun's perception of Dostoevsky
Lu Xun is one of the earliest scholars who studied Dostoevsky in China.He has №t only read and studied Dostoevsky, but also maintained his deep feelings and thoughts.These two writers'works are both "for life" art. Most of their works are "little people", and they are famous for "writing soul".This paper will analyze the dialogue between Lu Xun and Dostoevsky across time and space.
Keywords: Dostoevsky, Lu Xin, perception, prose, novel, Chinese and Russian literature.
Aldaghestani Wesameddin Saheb Mohd
International Relations Studies in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
The article aims at identifying the methodology of studying International Relations in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan within the scientific and literary streams. Books that discuss the political concept were analyzed according to the content analysis approach in order to measure the level of the political development in the country during the two study stages; the primary education (the school) and the secondary education (the university). The article shows that political concepts were more obvious and practically used in secondary education, because of the ability to vote in the parliamentary elections. It was concluded that more attention to political concepts should be given in the Primary education level in order to contribute to developing students' political understanding from the international relations point of view, so as to be able to deal with global issues, in addition to teaching concepts renouncing ideological extremism. The study recommends that more researches should be focused on Jordan in this field because of the current situations surrounding the country.
Keywords: political development, International Communication, Jordanian Diplomacy, Education in Jordan, Political Concept.
The participation of China in the creation of new financial institutions in the framework of the BRICS
In recent years, the BRICS cooperation mechanism has been continuously strengthened. After the global financial crisis of 2008–2009 BRICS played an important role in stabilizing the world economy, and now cooperation between countries has gone beyond the economy, and cooperation has been established in other areas, for example, in the political, scientific, educational and environmental fields. BRICS has created a good base of bilateral exchanges, both youth and student, and a system of cultural exchanges. Cooperation in the field of culture takes place through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Culture of the BRICS member countries. As a multilateral platform, the BRICS association is of strategic importance for China. As a developing world power with great economic power, China is interested in enhancing its economic potential and maintaining economic growth rates. And this largely depends on the role that China plays in the world economic order, to what extent it can act as a “designer” of the mechanism of international economic cooperation. In addition, as the second economy in terms of GDP in the world, China still does not have a corresponding political influence. China intends to get out of this situation and play a more significant role in the in-ternational arena, and the union of the BRICS countries offers this opportunity. China's multilateral diplomacy on the BRICS platform also offers China new ideas on how to speak on other multilateral diplomacy platforms, such as the UN, the G-20, the IMF, the WTO, etc. In the past few years, the largest developing countries, primarily China and Russia, have made substantial efforts to form a number of new international financial institutions focused on activities in the interests of developing countries and their associations, both regional and global. For example, on July 16, at the next BRICS summit, an agreement was signed on the establishment of the BRICS Development Bank and a pool of reserve currencies. Let us try to analyze the reasons for such initiatives and their influence on the appearance of the new global financial system.
Keywords: China, BRICS, IMF, WB, GDP, economic growth, cooperation political platform, Eurasian integration, financial institutions.
Shershah Aryan Mohammad Hassan
Afghanistan’s foreign policy evolution from the end of the 20th century to the beginning of the 21st century
In the context of the growing international interest to Afghanistan, its development of domestic and foreign policy, as well as the contact of the IRA with regional and global players in the international arena, the study of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan’s foreign policy evolution from the end of the twentieth century to the beginning of the twenty-first century have a particular importance. In this article there are considered the various periods of the statehood of Afghanistan formation from the moment of the independence of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan in foreign policy issues from Britain to the present time. The author studies domestic problems that changed the political life of Afghanistan because of a coup d'état in 1973. The author pays special attention to studying the foreign policy orientation of Afghanistan during different periods of government. Research methodology includes the descriptive method and the principle of historicism that allowed the author to trace the history of the Afghanistan’s development and the evolution of its foreign policy. The article clearly shows the evolution of Afghanistan foreign policy from its weak statehood, a completely unexpressed foreign policy concept to a structured and understandable foreign policy line, and state actions in the international arena in the modern period.
Keywords: IRA, Afghanistan, history of Afghanistan, international relations, foreign policy, Taliban, Najibullah, independence, coup d'etat, Amin.
Aldaghestani Wesameddin Saheb Mohd, Faculty of Theories and History of International Relations, Russian People’s Friendship University.
Archpriest Dmitri Leskin, Doctor of Philosophical Science, Professor, Rector of the Volga Orthodox Institute of St. Alexis, Metropolitan of Moscow, Member of the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation.
Danilov V.V., Faculty of Humanitarian and Social Sciences, Department of History and Theory of International Relations, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Egorova L.A., Candidate of Philology, Assistant Professor, Associate Professor of the Theory and Practice of Foreign Languages (Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia).
Egorova M.A., Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor.
Gahrymanova Nurana, Department of Theory and History of International Relations at the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (PFUR).
Liu Na, Tianjin Pedagogical University.
Nagornova E.V., Candidate of Philology, Assistant Professor, Associate Professor of the Theory and Practice of Foreign Languages (Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia).
Nikashina N.V., Candidate of Philology, Associate Professor of the Theory and Practice of Foreign Languages (Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia).
Ponomarenko L.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor.
Shershah Aryan Mohammad Hassan, Graduate student of the faculty of humanitarian and social sciences, of Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia.
Sidorov M.E., Graduate student, Department of History, Speciality National history, State University of Humanities and Technology.
Stanchulyak T.G., Candidate of Philology, Associate Professor of the Theory and Practice of Foreign Languages (Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia).
Xie Yiping, Ph.D. candidate, Department of Theory and History. People's Friendship University of Russia.