|Geopolitics and patriotic education|
|Lisenko L.M. Governor of the Cossack family of Ivan Paska (Field Marshal Ivan Paskevich)||9|
|Shchuplenkov O.V., Shchuplenkov N.O. Cossack idea in the context of national identity – the way of formation||14|
|Klychnikova M.A. Charity society of the Mytischi hospital of the Moscow county and villagers||25|
|Obedkov S.I. Metrostroy on construction of railway tunnels during the Great Patriotic War||35|
|Khrolenok E.V. The formation of the Cossack class in Starodub-Seversky (XVI - the first half of the XVII centuries)||42|
|Ivantsov I.G., Dubinin I.V. From correspondence of the nakazny ataman of the Kuban Cossack army, N.S. Zavadovsky and chief of the seaport of Yeysk, prince A.S. Golitsyn||48|
|Dumkin A.A. The course of American foreign policy in East Asia and the Pacific, aimed at damaging the state security of the USSR in the far East in 1950 - early 1960||57|
|Zarudnyi D.B. «Princelings» in Chinese secret services||71|
|Senasinghe R.D. Russian colony in Ceylon and its role in the development of Russian-Ceylon economic relations at the turn OF XIX-XX centuries||86|
|Baturo А.M., Kriazheva-Kartseva E.V. The role of the Imperial Moscow educational home in the fight against homelessness in pre-revolutionary Russia||92|
|Informational support of the State Policy Strategy||96|
|Museum of Russian Cossacks and the issues of promoting Cossack culture in the regions discussed in the Ministry of Culture of Russia||100|
|An interactive program of the Cossack culture center will be presented to the younger generation of Khanty-Mansiysk||102|
Governor of the Cossack family of Ivan Paska (Field Marshal Ivan Paskevich)
The Article is devoted to the largest military and political figure of the Russian Empire period, originating from the Cossack family, Prince of Warsaw, count Erivan General-field Marshal I. F. Paskevich. The author writes about the inconsistency in relation to the activities of I. F. Paskevich, about the civil position of the famous field Marshal and his role as Governor in the Caucasus and Deputy in the Kingdom of Poland in preserving the integrity of the Russian state.
Key words: integrity of the state, the institution of the Governorship, the identity of I.F. Paskevich, the variability of historical interpretations.
Cossack idea in the context of national identity – the way of formation
The article substantiates the need for a new look at the problem of the revival of the Cossacks. The presence of historical conditions for the formation of their own ideas among the Cossacks become important in determining the national idea. Freedom and faith, the traditional foundations of the Cossacks in the modern Russian realities can become ideological elements of the education system of the younger generation.
Key words: Cossack idea, Cossacks, ethnosocial community, history, patriotism, spirituality.
Charity society of the Mytischi hospital of the Moscow county and villagers
On the basis of analysis of the operation of the Charity society of the Mytischi hospital of the Moscow county on the edge of XIX-XX centuries, the engagement of cottagers in the solving of the problems of the local citizens, as a reflection pf the ideas of the social responsibility and charity is being investigated.
Key words: dacha, cottagers, charity, social responsibility, Mytischi, education, health care, capital, donation.
Metrostroy on construction of railway tunnels during the Great Patriotic War
The article presents, on the basis of archival material, memoirs and historiography, the problem of tunnel construction by Metrostroy employees at large railway construction sites during the Great Patriotic War. Analyzed the origins of the emergence of railway infrastructure projects, in which Metrostroy took part, summarizes the scattered information available in historiography. The author comes to the conclusion that railway facilities completed after the war by metro-builders contributed to the reconstruction and development of the country in the post-war years.
Key words: The Great Patriotic war, State Defense Committee, Metrostroy, railway construction, railway tunnel.
The formation of the Cossack class in Starodub-Seversky (XVI - the first half of the XVII centuries)
The article, on the basis of archival materials, discusses the main stages of the formation of the Cossack class in Starodub-Seversky in the 16th - first half of the 17th centuries. An attempt was made to confirm the independent origin of Starodubsky Cossacks and isolate the region from other territories of the Zaporizhia Army.
Key words: Starodub, Cossacks, boyar children, estates, service class.
From correspondence of the nakazny ataman of the Kuban Cossack army, N.S. Zavadovsky and chief of the seaport of Yeysk, prince A.S. Golitsyn
In Hand-written department of Institute of the Russian literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Pushkin House) authors of article found three letters of the nakazny ataman of the Black Sea Cossack army, Nikolay Stepanovich Zavadovsky to the subordinate, the prince Alexander Sergeyevich Golitsyn, the chief of the seaport of Yeysk. The first two letters are dated 1849, the third – 1851. The third letter as it is supplied with the personal comments of A.S. Golitsyn written between lines is especially interesting. The first two letters are published for the first time. The third was published in the Naslediye Vekov magazine in number 4 for 2018. These letters are a valuable historical source as help to shed light on very extraordinary identity of the nakazny ataman of the Kuban Cossack army. On some of its contradictory shortcomings and advantages which were noted in the works by such famous scientists as M.Ya. Olszewski, G.N. Prozritelev, F.A. Shcherbina.
Key words: A.S. Golitsyn, the port city of Yeisk, Zavadovsky N.S., ataman.
The course of American foreign policy in East Asia and the Pacific, aimed at damaging the state security of the USSR in the far East in 1950 - early 1960
The article analyzes the conditions and processes of formation of American foreign policy doctrines, as well as the direction of the geopolitical strategy of the United States during the "cold war". The author studied the purposeful foreign policy course of the US leadership in the East Asian region in the 1950s-early 1960s, focused on confrontation with the socialist camp and damage to the Soviet Union. On the basis of archival materials and scientific literature, the factors and objects of the us foreign policy course in East Asia and the Pacific, used to conduct further struggle with the Soviet Union, are investigated. Particular attention is paid to the post-war American influence on Japan and Korea, used as a rearguard in the struggle of the capitalist and socialist camps during the cold war.
Key words: cold war, USA, foreign policy, East Asian region, confrontation, state security, Soviet Union.
«Princelings» in Chinese secret services
In modern China, «princelings» are called the descendants of the first generation of revolutionaries who won battles against political opponents and Japanese interventionists and created the People’s Republic of China. In view of the status of origin, a prestigious education received and a well-developed personnel training system, they were initially considered and ultimately reached commanding heights in party-administrative and production-commercial activities, as well as at law enforcement agencies and secret services. Due to atmosphere of secrecy accompanies intelligence and counterintelligence agencies around the world, not much is written about operatives who represent the highest layers of Chinese society by their birthright. The following article is an attempt to synthesize knowledge about the «princelings» among the officers of the Ministry of State Security and Chinese military intelligence. Despite the fact that most of examples cited initially consist negative charge, it should be emphasized, in our opinion, one cannot deny the intelligence, insight, high level of education and, of course, the Patriotic mood of children whose fathers founded of the present Chinese Communist Statehood.
Key words: PRC, Chinese Communist Party, Chinese intelligence services, Ministry of State Security, PLA General Staff Intelligence Department, veterans of CPC.
Russian colony in Ceylon and its role in the development of Russian-Ceylon economic relations at the turn OF XIX-XX centuries
The article analyzes the history of the Russian community in Ceylon, its participation in the economy of British Ceylon at the turn of the XIX-XX centuries, when trade and economic relations developed between the Russian Empire and Ceylon, the crown colony of Great Britain. The aim of the research is to analyze the process of formation of the Russian community in Colombo, clarifying its number and composition, its role in the development of Russian-Ceylon economic relations at the turn of the XIX-XX centuries on the basis of new archival documents. The source base of the research consists of the materials of the funds of the Russian Empire’s Foreign Policy Archives (F.147 - “Central Asian Desk”, F.155 - “II Department of Ministry of Foreign Affairs”, F.238 - “Consulate General in Calcutta”), in which deposited reports of vice-consuls and consular agents to various departments of the Russian Empire’s Foreign Ministry, as well as administrative (ministerial) correspondence containing information on the presence of Russians in Ceylon. In addition to archival documents, there are multivolume collections of consular reports of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Empire (Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Collection of consular reports, 1898, 1908), the thematic collection “Russians in Ceylon in the 19th – early 20th centuries” prepared by T.N. Zagorodnikova and others that contains valuable documents for the research. Working with sources allows an objective assessment of the number and capacity of the Russian community in Ceylon during the period of active development of Russian-English relations in the Asian region.
The author questions the claim in Russian historiography that the Russian community in Colombo was the largest in the British Empire excluding Great Britain itself. At the same time, the article shows that, despite its small number, the Russian community occupied a prominent place in the economy of the island. The methodological basis of the study is the principle of historicism, analysis and synthesis, as well as quantitative methods that allow to consistently trace the process of the existence of the Russian community, its numerical changes, as well as to establish its economic significance. The novelty of this study is determined by the introduction of new, previously unpublished documents into the scientific research, which allow to solve the objectives set in the article.
Key words: Russian Empire, Ceylon, Russian colony, British Empire, Indian ocean, tea, coconut products, kerosene.
The role of the Imperial Moscow educational home in the fight against homelessness in pre-revolutionary Russia
The purpose of the article is to identify the main directions and forms of activity of the Imperial Moscow Educational House. In the study of archival documents used retrospective and comparative methods. It was established in 1763 and became the largest institution for the education of homeless in pre-revolutionary Russia. Children and adolescents received care, medical care, education and work here. The study of the experience of this institution may be useful for solving organizational issues in the fight against homelessness in modern Russia.
Key words: the Imperial Moscow Educational Home, neglect, homelessness, orphanhood, education.
Baturo А.M., Master student of the Department of Russian History, of The Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Dubinin I.V., Librarian of the Dinsky Mechanics and Technology College, village Dinskaya, Krasnodar Territory.
Dumkin A.A., Senior Officer of the military unit 1441, Khabarovsk.
Ivantsov I.G., Candidate of Historical Sciences, associate Professor, leading specialist Of municipal state institution of municipal formation Krasnodar City "Center for development of traditional Cossack culture".
Khrolenok E.V., Applicant of the Department of Russian History of the Belarusian State University, lawyer-licensee.
Klychnikova M.A., Municipal budgetary institution of culture "Mytishchi History and Art Museum", Director.
Kriazheva-Kartseva E.V., Candidate of Historical Sciences. Professor of the Department of Russian History, of The Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Lisenko L.M., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Moscow City Pedagogical University, Institute for the Humanities, Department of General and Russian History.
Obedkov S.I., Postgraduate Student at the Department of Contemporary History of Russia, Moscow Region State University.
Senasinghe R.D., Postgraduate student of the Department of History of Russia of the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences of Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia.
Shchuplenkov O.V., Associate Professor of history, law and social sciences, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute.
Shchuplenkov N.O., Associate Professor of history, law and social sciences, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute.
Vodolackiy V.P., Doctor of Social Sciences, Deputy of the State Duma of the Russian Federation, Supreme Ataman of the Union of Cossacks of Russia and abroad Warriors, Cossack General.
Zarudnyi D.B., Graduated postgraduate studies from Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far-East, Far-Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences.