|Geopolitics and patriotic education|
|Letunovsky P.V., Vostrikov S.V. Transformation of the cosacian community in the background of the World War I||9|
|Ternovaya L.O., Ryabova E.L. The traditions of Russian folk pedagogy and the pedagogical experience of the Cossacks||18|
|Akhmetova A.R., Timofeeva L.S., Galimzyanova L.R. The peasant community of Russia in the works of A.I. Chuprov||30|
|Petrov I.F. A spiritual crisis as a result of the rationalization of the cultural-historical development||41|
|Moiseev A.N. The phenomenon of the invincibility of the red army||48|
|Butovskiy A.Y. First attempt to organize self-defence during the revolution and at the initial stage of the Civil war in the Crimea (October 1917 – January 1918)||55|
|Le Van Vyong, Shpakovskaya M.A. Cooperation between Vietnam and Russia in the field of higher education in the context of bilateral cooperation (2012–2017)||62|
|Shebzukhova T.A. The peasantry of the North Caucasus in the late XIX – early XX centuries: socio-economic development||75|
|Bolurova A.N., Darmilova E.N., Jazaeva I.A., Tekeeva L.K. Stolypinsky reform of the beginning of the XX century||81|
|Amara Doumbia Problems of Regional Security in the Sahelo-Sahara Zone and Their Impact on the National Security of the Republic of Mali||86|
|Adzhieva Z.I., Tekeeva Z.K., Sumskaya M.Y. Contribution V.M. Sysoeva in the study of archaeological sites in Karachay-Cherkessia||93|
|On the state program of the Krasnodar Territory «Cossacks of the Kuban»||100|
|Cossack culture and Cossack martial arts “Kuban Cossack Spas” Festival||101|
|Dzutsev H.V., Betelmerzaeva M.M., Dibirova A.P., Kornienko N.V. Labor and economic life in the Chechen Republic. Part I||104|
Transformation of the cosacian community in the background of the World War I
The article is devoted to the historical-political and military-strategic role of the Cossacks in the I-st World War and the fate of Russia, the specifics and characteristics of its differentiation during the war, assesses the rethinking of the "Kornilov alternative" in 1917.
Keywords: world war, trials, Cossacks, heroism, stratification, Supreme Commander, offensive, courage.
The traditions of Russian folk pedagogy and the pedagogical experience of the Cossacks
Pedagogy is one of the oldest sciences. In each era, great minds pondered on upbringing and education. But at the same time, there were always two parallel pedagogical traditions: national and state-public. With the technical development of society, the second model took an increasingly strong position, gradually replacing the first. Now came the realization of how much valuable for the development of personality was stored precisely in folk pedagogy. Therefore, it is extremely important to study and, if possible, apply its experience, which has been preserved in a number of cultures, in particular among the Cossacks.
Keywords: nationality, history, pedagogy, upbringing, education, training, Cossacks, ethnos, traditions.
The peasant community of Russia in the works of A.I. Chuprov
The relevance of the problem is due to the need for a deep study of the history of Russian economic thought in the late XIX – early XX century. this can be Achieved only through the study of the heritage of its individual representatives. A.I. Chuprov's activity was aimed at studying a number of issues of economic and social development of Russia. Important among these has been the issue of the reform of the peasant community. A.I. Chuprov belonged to the number of consistent opponents of the agrarian reform carried out by P.A. Stolypin.
The article is aimed at understanding the concept of the peasant community development presented in the works of A.I. Chuprov. The leading methods of research is the system analysis, which allowed to present the community concept of A.I. Chuprov, as well as the dialectical method, revealing the logic of the relationship of economic views of A.I. Chuprov and his social beliefs. The main results of the article allow us to present the views of A.I. Chuprov on the agrarian reform of the early twentieth century and the ways of modernization of the socio-economic situation in the village.
The materials of the article can be used in the creation of lecture courses for students enrolled in a wide range of socio-humanitarian educational programs.
Keywords: community, peasant land ownership, private property, artel.
A spiritual crisis as a result of the rationalization of the cultural-historical development
The paradox of the modern era is that with the assertion in society of the value of the individual as a subject of being, there is a tendency of its "alignment" with social institutions of society and anthropogenic reality. The article shows that the modern culture of Western civilization in a sense is opposed to traditional society and its culture. Replacing the traditional, technogenic civilization changes and spiritual context. And the most important thing here is the emergence of a different system of values. In the culture of post-industrial society, man is no longer a "measure of all things", but a measure of values of a different order. Many researchers associate the spiritual crisis of culture with mass culture, but this is not the cause, but only the consequence of rationalism in cultural and historical development, the form that cultural artifacts take in the context of replicated universality.
Keywords: culture, mass culture, spiritual crisis, art Nouveau, values, man, civilization.
The phenomenon of the invincibility of the red army
The Article reveals the features and complexity of the work of military commissariats to mobilize the population in the ranks of the red army, on the basis of the principle of universal conscription, as independent bodies of local military administration during the Civil war.
Keywords: Soviet power, military coup, Lenin government, veils, all-Russian Collegium, demobilization, volunteering, military commissariats, military Commissariat, military Department, Kornilov rebellion, decree, agitation, General duty.
First attempt to organize self-defence during the revolution and at the initial stage of the Civil war in the Crimea (October 1917 – January 1918)
The article discusses for the first time in chronological order the history of the self-protection and self-defense forces created by non-governmental organizations in Crimea during the period between two revolutions and the beginning of the Civil War. The aim of the work is to study the structure, organization of self-defense, personnel of these forces, which is necessary for more detailed study and understanding of the processes of the Russian Revolution and the Civil War on the ground.
Using the method of source analysis, the author qualitatively processes the information, including the memories of eyewitnesses of previously non-used in scientific circulation and a number of other sources stored in museums and archives of the Crimea.
According to the author, due to the fact that the militia created mainly by city and district councils, in most cases was staffed by people who had no relation to it, the Soviets of Workers and Soldiers Deputies together with professional unions and city boards began to create special executive structures to organize parallel self-defense and self-protection units. In Simferopol, Feodosiya and Dzhankoy they were called "Committees for city-defense", which together with the trade unions were involved in the formation of self-defense. To create the groups there were used people able to bear arms: members of Unions of crippled soldiers, St. George's knights, Trade unions of metalworkers and port workers.
Thus, the principles of creating self-defense squads reflect the sequence of disintegration of public institutions into components. Initially their establishment in the legal departments of the city councils was guaranteed in varying degrees protection of the main part of the townspeople. With the loss of trust in these public institutions, the functions of self-defense passed to other organizations that unite different parts of society: to petty-bourgeois councils, boards of trade unions to cooperatives, and at last to religious communities, quarter and house committees. They all had very different social, political and religious nature.
Keywords: Crimea, Simferopol, Revolution, Civil War, self-defense, militia, militias of order, Committees for city-defense, Militia of the Defense of the Peoples of Crimea, Council of People's Representatives.
The peasantry of the North Caucasus in the late XIX – early XX centuries: socio-economic development
Article is devoted to consideration of the historical reasons which influenced formation existing today the systems of a social and economic system of the region of the North Caucasus.
The unique sociocultural environment throughout centuries developing in the North Caucasus under the influence of the large-scale historical events touching the region, synthesized in itself customs, traditions and values of the different people coming to this earth that gave the chance of emergence and improvement of forms of land tenure and land use taking into account specifics of post-reform colonization and results of these processes in the form of evolution of agriculture and livestock production in this region.
Historical experience of successful economic development of the North Caucasus at the time of the Russian Empire gives invaluable historical material without which knowledge and account the internal political situation in all South of Russia can be at any time subjected to serious destabilization.
Keywords: North Caucasus, economy, peasantry, social and economic development.
Stolypinsky reform of the beginning of the XX century
In determining the role and place of the beginning of the 20th century in world history, it is customary to single out the most typical qualities and directions of civilization development, which are the transition of capitalism to the stage of monopoly capitalism; the overthrow of the monarchical system; globalization of world processes.
Keywords: reform, Russia, P.A. Stolypin.
Problems of Regional Security in the Sahelo-Sahara Zone and Their Impact on the National Security of the Republic of Mali
The article analyzes the problems of regional security in the Sahelo-Sahara zone and provides practical recommendations on how to prevent threats to the national security of the Republic of Mali (RM), which is in the center of the conflict. An analytical approach (structural and comparative analysis) was used as research method. The relevance of the research of the security issues of the Sahelo-Sahara is connected with geopolitical and geo-strategic position of the region in Africa, as well as a significant increase in security threats in Mali over the past thirty years, requiring permission.
Keywords: regional security, Sahelo-Sahara zone, threats, conflict, terrorist activities, separatists, national security, Republic of Mali.
Contribution V.M. Sysoeva in the study of archaeological sites in Karachay-Cherkessia
Co of the second half of the 9th century the antiquities of Karachay-Cherkessia attract the attention of the Archaeological Commission of the Historical Museum, Moscow Archaeological Society and other central scientific institutions of Russia, which send their employees to study archaeological sites. V.M. Sysoev was one of the first to study archaeological sites using excavations and tried to determine the material discovered chronologically, and the study of his works is also valuable to modern archaeologists.
Keywords: archaeological sites, historical and cultural heritage, archaeological science, archaeological research, scientific societies.
Labor and economic life in the Chechen Republic. Part I
In July 2019, an ethnosociological study was conducted by the staff of the Center for the Study of Border Regions at the Institute for the Study of Cross-Border Regions at the Institute of Physics and Technology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, entitled “Labor and Economic Life in the Republics of the North-Caucasian Federal District of the Russian Federation”. During a study in the Chechen Republic, 200 respondents and 10 experts were interviewed. The experts were scientists - sociologists and demographers, lawyers and civil servants. The following aspects of the labor and economic activities of citizens were investigated: the importance of labor, satisfaction with the level of payment, the ability to realize one’s creative potential, as well as intellectual abilities and labor skills, opportunities for expanding one's professional horizons. The attitude of citizens of the republic to such realities of modernity as the need for the development of new knowledge and skills, self-employment, individual and collective work, an extended working day, and overtime work is investigated. Part of the study concerned the issues of gender stereotype of labor, the degree of women's involvement in the economic life of the republic, the impact of maternal employment on the situation in families. The concept of “labor” was considered from two points of view: both as the main source of replenishment of the family budget, and as a way of social and professional self-realization.
The phenomenon of unemployment is considered separately: to what extent it is prevalent in the region, what measures are preferred by citizens to prevent job loss.
Keywords:physical and intellectual labor, economic activity, temporary work, information technology, financial resources, salary, intelligence, informal economy, development economy, state work, temporary, permanent, fixed salary, intellectual opportunities.
Adzhieva Z.I., Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of state and legal disciplines. North Caucasus state Academy of Humanities and technology.
Akhmetova A.R., Candidate of Historical Sciences, associate Professor of the Department of world cultural heritage of the Higher school of historical Sciences and world cultural heritage of the Institute of international relations of Kazan Federal University.
Amara Doumbia, Postgraduate Student, Faculty of Humanitarian and Social Sciences, Department of History and Theory of International Relations, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN).
Betelmerzaeva M.M., Doctor of Philosophy, Associate Professor, Professor, Department of Philosophy, Chechen State University.
Bolurova A.N., Associate Professor, Department of Russian History, William D. Aliyev Karachay-Cherkess State University.
Butovskiy A.Y., Candidate of Historical Sciences (PhD), Associate Professor, Department of Legal Disciplines Tula State Lev Tolstoy Pedagogical University.
Darmilova E.N., Associate Professor of the Department of Philosophy and Humanities North Caucasus State Academy.
Dibirova A.P., Candidate of Biological Sciences, Senior Lecturer at the North Ossetian Institute for Social Research Center of the Institute of Social and Political Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Makhachkala.
Dzutsev H.V., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Center for the Study of the Regions of the South of Russia, Institute for Socio-Political Studies, Head of the Department of sociology of the Khetagurov North Ossetian State University, Vladikavkaz.
Galimzyanova L.R., Candidate of Historical Sciences, senior lecturer, Department of world cultural heritage, Department of Higher school of historical Sciences and world cultural heritage, Institute of international relations, Kazan Federal University.
Jazaeva I.A., Associate Professor of the Department of Philosophy and Humanities North Caucasus State Academy.
Kornienko N.V., Researcher, Center for the Study of Border Regions of the South of Russia, Institute of Social and Political Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, graduate student of the Department of Sociology of the Khetagurov North Ossetian State University, Vladikavkaz.
Letunovsky P.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Candidate of Historical Sciences, head of the department of Humanitarian, Social and Economic Disciplines of the Vassilevsky Russian Federation Armed Forces Army Air Defense Military Academy.
Le Van Vyong, Graduate student of the Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Moiseev A.N., Candidate of Military Sciences, associate Professor, Doctoral candidate, Department of History. Ulyanovsk State University Pedagogical University.
Petrov I.F., Doctor of Philosophy, Professor. Academy of marketing and socially-information technologies, Krasnodar.
Ryabova E.L., Doctor of political sciences, Professor, Chief Editor of “Almanac Cossacks” journal.
Shpakovskaya M.A., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Department of Theory and History of International Relations. Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Shebzukhova T.A., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Theory and history of state and law of the Institute of service, tourism and design (branch) FGAOU VO «North-Caucasian Federal University» in Pyatigorsk.
Sumskaya M.Y., Candidate of Historical Sciences. Department of Theory and History of State and Law G.V. Plekhanov in the city of Pyatigorsk, Stavropol Territory.
Tekeeva L.K., Associate Professor, Department of Russian History, William D. Aliyev Karachay-Cherkess State University.
Ternovaya L.O., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor MADI (The Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University).
Timofeeva L.S., Candidate of Historical Sciences, associate Professor of the Department of world cultural heritage of the Higher school of historical Sciences and world cultural heritage of the Institute of international relations of Kazan Federal University.
Vostrikov S.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Department of Humanitarian and Socio-Economic Disciplines of the Vassilevsky Russian Federation Armed Forces Army Air Defense Military Academy.