|Geopolitics and patriotic education|
|Letunovsky P.V., Uvarov I.A. Cossack educational institutions in the system of military education of the Russian Empire||9|
|Ternovaya L.O., Ryabova E.L. Cossacks in establishing relations of the Russian Empire with Africa||16|
|Baghdasaryan V.E., Samolyuk M.N. The myth about totalitarianism of the Soviet historical science: discussion in the soviet historiography in the second half of the 1950th and the beginning of the 1980th||24|
|Filatova J.V. Terek Cossacks in 1917: consolidation or disintegration||42|
|Vishnjakova N.A., Kurmyshkina O.N., Motkin V.N. The current state of the Cossacks in the Republic of Mordovia: the view of the population and the Cossacks||55|
|Galaganova S.G. «The song of the defeat of the Cossack army» by Pavel Vasilyev: literary and historical basis||60|
|Ahmad Hassan Taha Yagoub Sudan foreign policy highlights after separation||70|
|Pleshko A.O. The idea of W. Churchill on the Dardanelles operation as an aid to Russia||82|
|Adzhieva Z.I., Tekeeva Z.K., Kunacheva F.G. Archaeological surveys on the territory of Karachai and Circassia (second half of the 9th century)||92|
|Chernenko D.A. Suburban forests of Vologda provinces in the land descriptions of the end of the XVIII cent.: dimensions, composition, fauna||102|
|Kriazheva-Kartseva E.V. The wandering of the spirit in the creative fate of Maximilian Voloshin: the path from anthroposophy to Orthodoxy||110|
|Idrus Asrinda Ayub The Establishment Process of the Russian Orthodox Church in Bali||116|
|Thematic trends of scientific publications and the ethical policies of journals||124|
|Dzutsev H.V., Betelmerzaeva M.M., Dibirova A.P., Kornienko N.V. Labor and economic life in the Chechen Republic. Part II||127|
|Bakhadirov F.B. Tatar diaspora in Lithuania (based on 2011 census)||139|
Cossack educational institutions in the system of military education of the Russian Empire
The Article is devoted to the peculiarities of military training in Cossack educational institutions of the Russian Empire. The authors show the role and place of Cossack educational institutions in the system of military education of Russia of the studied period.
Keywords: Cossacks, cadet corps, pupils, Cossack troops, training.
Cossacks in establishing relations of the Russian Empire with Africa
In the last third of the XIX century. the world experienced a period which historians call the New Imperialism. The struggle of the colonial powers for the few parts of the land that had not yet been divided between them was intensified. Their rivalry in Africa was especially acute, having received the name "race for Africa". Abyssinia was practically the only independent country of the Black continent. The attention was drawn to her and Russian political circles, who saw in the inhabitants of this country "brothers in faith." Attempts to establish ties between the Russian Empire and Ethiopia were of a different nature: from the adventurous to the military-diplomatic. A significant role in the implementation of these attempts was played by the Cossacks.
Keywords: colonialism, New imperialism, Africa, Ethiopia, Cossacks, military and diplomatic mission.
The myth about totalitarianism of the Soviet historical science: discussion in the soviet historiography in the second half of the 1950th and the beginning of the 1980th
The relevance of the article is determined by the process demythologization of USSR history in particular the history of the Soviet historical science. The main target of the research is to create true picture of the soviet historiography in the second half of the 1950th and the beginning of the 1980. Reconsidering the stereotype about “totalitarianism thinking” and unanimity of the soviet historians. The article contains the survey of discussions in soviet historiography in appropriate period of time. Though ideology, according to the authors thoughts, determined significantly the directions of historians work, but creativity freedom still remained. Key issues discussions and arguing was natural. At the same time controversy between new knowledge and ideological cliché took place, which later caused crisis in national historical science.
Keywords: historiography, ideology, discussion, capitalism, socialism, revolution, historians, USSR.
Terek Cossacks in 1917: consolidation or disintegration
The article discusses the socio-political processes that took place in the Terek region in 1917 the Author also analyzes the processes of transformation of the bodies of the Cossack self-government from July to December 1917 Along with this research investigates the causes of the rise of socio-political struggle, etnobotanic contradictions between the Cossacks and the mountaineers. In autumn 1917 the division of the Terek region into Cossack and mountain parts was finally fixed. The new power structures, it took only nine months after the February bourgeois revolution to lead the region to a complete political collapse, to spur its dismemberment, failing to create strong, active governing bodies that United it. The author concludes that in the Terek region against the background of the loss of political influence by the Terek Cossack army the Soviets of workers', soldiers 'and peasants' deputies, in which the leading positions are gradually occupied by the Bolsheviks, are rapidly gaining strength. The political amorphousness of the Cossack bodies of local self-government, created after the February bourgeois revolution of 1917, led to the fact that they were replaced by the Soviets as truly democratic authorities, leading the transformative processes aimed at solving the most important economic and political issues of the region.
Keywords: transformation, reforming, Cossacks, mountain leaders, Military circle of the Terek Cossack army, Councils of workers, soldiers and peasants deputies, Bolsheviks.
The current state of the Cossacks in the Republic of Mordovia: the view of the population and the Cossacks
The article analyzes the views of the population of the Republic of Mordovia about the Cossacks in General and the Cossacks of the Republic in particular, the degree of awareness of citizens about the activities of the Cossacks. Considered the opinions of the Cossacks of Mordovia about the essence of the Cossack idea, the main directions of work.
Keywords: Cossacks, current state of the Cossacks, social functions of the Cossacks.
«The song of the defeat of the Cossack army» by Pavel Vasilyev: literary and historical basis
«The Song of the Defeat of the Cossack Army» by Pavel Vasilyev is discussed in terms of poetry, ideology and history. The poetic texts are analyzed as basically connected with real events of Russian Civil War and social splits in the Cossack regions of Western Siberia.
Keywords: Pavel Vasilyev, «The Song of the Defeat of the Cossack Army», Cossacks, Semirechye Cossacks, Irtish River Cossacks, Civil War in Siberia, Annenkov´s Army.
Ahmad Hassan Taha Yagoub
Sudan foreign policy highlights after separation
In this article, the author carries out a comprehensive analysis of the state activities of the Republic of Sudan. The author applies the methods of system analysis, statistical analysis, historiography and the historical process, logical modeling, multi-attribute classification. Sudan's foreign policy activity is examined and analyzed on the basis of historical, political and social facts, as well as the activities of leading countries of the international (China, People’s Republic, Russian Federation, United States of America, etc.) and regional (Algeria, Vietnam, Egypt, Israel, Iraq, Iran , Cuba, Libya, Syrian Arab Republic, etc.) scale. At the same time, the article reflects the views and forecasts of leading scientists in the field of international relations: Sizova SG Denga A.V., Ryabtseva V.N., Demidova K.B. Djibraeva and others. The author establishes the economic and social relationship between foreign policy and diplomatic factors. The conclusions of this article are presented taking into account not only the foreign policy processes in which Sudan is involved, but also its regional and national interests.
Keywords: Sudan, foreign policy, citizen, scale, Republic, international, system analysis.
The idea of W. Churchill on the Dardanelles operation as an aid to Russia
The article analyzes the role of W. Churchill in the decision to conduct the Dardanelles operation as an aid to Russia. Alternative plans by the British Military Council for military maneuvers in the Baltic sea and Thessaloniki are being considered. Archival documentary sources are given, allowing to clarify the question of the degree of participation of W. Churchill in the preparation of the Dardanelles campaign and to draw a conclusion about the motives of his political actions in relation to Russia.
Keywords: Dardanelles operation, W. Churchill, Thessaloniki, "Baltic project", Russia, allies.
Archaeological surveys on the territory of Karachai and Circassia (second half of the 9th century)
The article is devoted to the research activities of central academic institutions, provincial scientific societies and institutions of the North Caucasus in the second half of the XIX century. The article analyzes the dynamics of accumulation of the source base, reveals the organization and functioning of archaeological surveys, methods of accumulation and analysis of the material, as well as development paths and the results of theoretical studies in Karachay and Cherkessia during the specified chronological period.
Keywords: archaeological sites, historical and cultural heritage, archaeological science, archaeological research, scientific societies.
Suburban forests of Vologda provinces in the land descriptions of the end of the XVIII cent.: dimensions, composition, fauna
Characteristics of the suburban forests of the Vologda province at the end of the XVIII century. is presented in the article. Economic notes to the General Survey were the main source. For land surveyors, the city was a kind of land ownership, so they described it in these sources in the same way as any other country house, that is, as a complex of lands. The first results of the analysis of statistics and texts of this source on the suburban lands of the cities of the region are presented in the article. Forests have been described by several main parameters: the area of suburban forests, belonging to a given dacha, the size, the proportion of the total area of suburban land, the composition of tree species and the animal world. It turned out that in every third city of the province the forests accounted for more than three quarters of the suburban lands, and on average more than 50%. In fact, it was forests (not hayfields or arable land) that were the dominant type of suburban land. This means that forests remained a necessary resource of the urban economy, even in relation to those cities that existed for a long time and had a fairly high level of development of trade and industry. The amount of forest is not related to the level of development of the territory. Suburban forests were necessary for the townspeople, and not for the peasants of nearby settlements and villages. These forests were predominantly wood. The composition of the animals in the suburban forests shows that the degree of anthropogenic impact on flora and fauna remained rather low even for the nearest territory near the city.
Keywords: historical geography, ecological history, history of the Vologda region, urban history.
The wandering of the spirit in the creative fate of Maximilian Voloshin: the path from anthroposophy to Orthodoxy
The purpose of the article is to identify the main stages of spiritual searches of Maximilian Alexandrovich Voloshin (1877 – 1932), a poet, translator, painter from 1905 to 1932. Studying the published documents we used retrospective and comparative methods. It was established that M. Voloshin, like many representatives of the creative intelligentsia at the beginning of the 20th century, was fond of mysticism. He was, particularly, a member of the Russian Anthroposophical Society. Further spiritual searches led the poet to abandon anthroposophical teachings and come to Orthodoxy as the basis of personal spiritual development and Russian civilization, which was reflected in the works of M. Voloshin. Studying life of this prominent representative of the Silver Age may be useful for understanding the modern spiritual path of Russia.
Keywords: Maximilian Voloshin, Orthodoxy, spiritual crisis, Silver Age, irrational idealistic teachings, anthroposophy, Rudolf Steiner.
Idrus Asrinda Ayub
The Establishment Process of the Russian Orthodox Church in Bali
This article analyzes the stages of establishment of mission of the Russian Orthodox Church in Bali (Indonesia). The article concludes that the active initiative of the Russians living in Indonesia and the missionary activities of the Russian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate are the main factors in the formation of the Russian Orthodox Church in Bali. The article notes that over the past decade, the status of the Russian Orthodox Church in Indonesia has changed from a mission existence to join the Singapore diocese as part of the Patriarchal Exarchate of Southeast Asia.
Keywords: Russian Orthodox Church in Bali, Russian foreign mission of the Orthodox Church, orthodox Christianity in Indonesia.
Labor and economic life in the Chechen Republic. Part II
In July 2019, an ethnosociological study was conducted by the staff of the Center for the Study of Border Regions at the Institute for the Study of Cross-Border Regions at the Institute of Physics and Technology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, entitled “Labor and Economic Life in the Republics of the North-Caucasian Federal District of the Russian Federation”. During a study in the Chechen Republic, 200 respondents and 10 experts were interviewed. The experts were scientists - sociologists and demographers, lawyers and civil servants. The following aspects of the labor and economic activities of citizens were investigated: the importance of labor, satisfaction with the level of payment, the ability to realize one’s creative potential, as well as intellectual abilities and labor skills, opportunities for expanding one's professional horizons. The attitude of citizens of the republic to such realities of modernity as the need for the development of new knowledge and skills, self-employment, individual and collective work, an extended working day, and overtime work is investigated. Part of the study concerned the issues of gender stereotype of labor, the degree of women's involvement in the economic life of the republic, the impact of maternal employment on the situation in families. The concept of “labor” was considered from two points of view: both as the main source of replenishment of the family budget, and as a way of social and professional self-realization.
The phenomenon of unemployment is considered separately: to what extent it is prevalent in the region, what measures are preferred by citizens to prevent job loss.
Keywords: physical and intellectual labor, economic activity, temporary work, information technology, financial resources, salary, intelligence, informal economy, development economy, state work, temporary, permanent, fixed salary, intellectual opportunities.
Tatar diaspora in Lithuania (based on 2011 census)
Tatars in Lithuania are one of the oldest and most distinctive communities in Lithuania. The article is devoted to a comprehensive analysis of the community based on the results of the 2011 census. The article reveals the resettlement of Tatars in the counties of the Republic of Lithuania, the age and sex composition, the dynamics of language proficiency, religion.
Keywords: Tatars of Lithuania, Tatar community, demography of Tatars of Lithuania.
Adzhieva Z.I., Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of state and legal disciplines. North Caucasus state Academy of Humanities and technology.
Ahmad Hassan Taha Yagoub, Graduate Student of the faculty theories and history of international Relations.
Baghdasaryan V.E., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Dean of the faculty of history, political science and law. Moscow Region State University.
Bakhadirov F.B., Historian. Department of Russian history of near abroad. Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Betelmerzaeva M.M., Doctor of Philosophy, Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy, Political Science and Sociology, Chechen State Pedagogical University. Professor of Philosophy at Chechen State University.
Chernenko D.A., Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor. Associate Professor of the Department of Russian history of the XIX century - beginning of the ХХ century Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Dibirova A.P., Candidate of Biological Sciences, Senior Lecturer at the North Ossetian Institute for Social Research Center of the Institute of Social and Political Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Makhachkala.
Dzutsev H.V., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Center for the Study of the Regions of the South of Russia, Institute for Socio-Political Studies, Head of the Department of sociology of the Khetagurov North Ossetian State University, Vladikavkaz.
Filatova J.V., Candidate of historical Sciences, associate Professor of the Department of history, law and social Sciences Of the branch of "Stavropol state pedagogical Institute" in Essentuki.
Galaganova S.G., Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Associate Professor. Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Department of Information Analysis and Political Technologies.
Idrus Asrinda Ayub, PhD student of the Department of Russian History. Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Kornienko N.V., Researcher, Center for the Study of Border Regions of the South of Russia, Institute of Social and Political Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, graduate student of the Department of Sociology of the Khetagurov North Ossetian State University, Vladikavkaz.
Kriazheva-Kartseva E.V., Candidate of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Russian History. Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University).
Kunacheva F.G., Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Russian History of the Aliyev Circassian State University.
Kurmyshkina O.N., Researcher of the office – sociopark «Regionologija» in Scientific center of social and economic monitoring.
Letunovsky P.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Candidate of Historical Sciences, Head of the department of Humanitarian, Social and Economic Disciplines of the Russian Federation Armed Forces Army Air Defense Military Academy named after the Marshal of the Soviet Union A.M. Vassilevsky.
Motkin V.N., PhD in Sociology, Associate Professor at the Department of National Research Mordovia State University, Researcher of the office – sociopark «Regionologija» in Scientific center of social and economic monitoring.
Pleshko A.O., Competitor of a scientific degree of candidate of historical Sciences, Federal state Autonomous educational institution of higher education " Tyumen state University», Tyumen region.
Ryabova E.L., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, editor-in-chief of the international publishing house "Ethnosocium" / "Cultural World".
Samolyuk M.N., Chief of service AO "NPK "SPP".
Tekeeva Z.K., Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Russian History. Aliyev Karachay-Cherkess State University.
Ternovaya L.O., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor MADI (The Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University).
Uvarov I.A., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Social and Economic Disciplines of the Russian Federation Armed Forces Army Air Defense Military Academy named after the Marshal of the Soviet Union A.M. Vassilevsky.
Vishnjakova N.A., Post-graduate student of the sociology Department of National Research Mordovia State University; researcher of the office – sociopark «Regionologija» in Scientific center of social and economic monitoring.