|Geopolitics and patriotic education|
|Ternovaya L.O. A look at the traditions of the Cossacks through the prism of nosology and personal safety pedagogy||9|
|Al-Akwa’a Amal Abdullah Mohamed, Somar Hafez Ghanem Russian policy in the Middle East in Arab historiography from 2011 to 2020||18|
|Atlasova E.S. The vocabulary related to fishing in the Yukagir language (on the example of the Tundra Yukagir language)||32|
|Volgin G.S. Opportunities and potential of the symbolic measurements for analysis of the public policy||37|
|Galaganova S.G. «The salt riot» by Pavel Vasilyev: poetical characteristics and historical context||42|
|History and society
|Gao Yan, Ning Yanhong Strategies for organizing Russian library resources in China||61|
|Zakharyev Y.O. Investments by Chinese companies in South-East Asia in the Democratic Republic of the Congo||70|
|Kornilova E.I. On the assessment of the impact of industry on the economic activities of the indigenous population of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)||76|
|Prokopchuk N.S. Sydney City Buildings 1788-1821||81|
|Somar Ghanem Essence and determinants of relations between Syria and the Islamic Republic of Iran in the context of the Syrian crisis||85|
|Doneva Penka, Shpakovskaya M.A. The problem of security in the foreign policy of Bulgaria concept. Theoretical and Conceptual Approaches||98|
A look at the traditions of the Cossacks through the prism of nosology and personal safety pedagogy
The article raises the problem of social demand for skills and abilities to ensure personal safety. This request is now quite clearly articulated in connection with the unfolding coronavirus pandemic. It can also be seen in the example of social conflicts, in which not only their conscious participants, but also random people become victims. The answer to this request was the emergence of new areas of knowledge: nosology and personal safety pedagogy. Until their subject field is developed, there is an opportunity to turn to the experience of other pedagogical models based on the principle of conformity to nature, and in which the pedagogy of personal safety is given primary attention. The article analyzes the pedagogy of the Cossacks in this vein.
Keywords: Cossacks, nosology, pedagogy, personal safety, survival, nature conservation traditions.
Al-Akwa’a Amal Abdullah Mohamed
Somar Hafez Ghanem
Russian policy in the Middle East in Arab historiography from 2011 to 2020
The article explores the main vectors of Russia's foreign policy in the Middle East through the prism of Arab historiography from 2011 to the present. The work attempts to analyze studies of the Russian Federation foreign policy by employees and members of regional research and think tanks, such as the Arab Center for Research and Political Studies, Al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies (ACPSS) (Egypt), Jordan Center for Strategic Studies, Center for Arab unity studies (Lebanon) and the Qatar Al Jazeera International Media Center. The authors examine the country's behavior in the region during the “Arab spring”, as well as its participation in the resolution of the Syrian conflict and come to the following conclusions: the foreign policy of the Russian Federation after the collapse of the USSR and has now gone through several stages of development, initially taking a practically detached position during waves of protests in the Middle East and North Africa since March 2011, however, completely changing the line of behavior in future, the country acted as an active player and mediator, primarily in resolving the Syrian conflict.
Keywords: foreign policy, Russian Federation, the Middle East, “think tanks”, Arab spring.
The vocabulary related to fishing in the Yukagir language (on the example of the Tundra Yukagir language)
The article describes the study of fishing terms in the Yukagir language. The language material of the Tundra Yukagir of the Nizhnekolymsky district of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) is considered. It should be noted that for Tundra Yukagir, fish is more important and available than meat. Analysis of the collected field data allowed us to draw the following conclusions: fishing is one of the oldest occupations of man; the presented vocabulary covers both the names of fish as well as fishing tackle, methods and food of the Yukagir people.
Keywords: Yukagir language, vocabulary, traditional Yukagir culture.
Opportunities and potential of the symbolic measurements for analysis of the public policy
The article discusses symbolic dimensions used in the analysis of public policy. The goal is to determine their capabilities and potential in modern political realities. Work execution using general scientific methods of analysis, synthesis and comparison. Its main results are the definition of symbolic means as public policy resources used to legitimize the order of things established in a certain community. One of the most important dimensions in the framework of symbolic politics is memory, which acts as a certain set of structures in the sphere of communication, which projects social expectations on current reality. The components of such a dimension of symbolic politics as memory are two components of political identity: myths and rituals. The myth itself is a key link in the process of forming political identity as such. It gives members of the identified community a specific role, which in reality is only a symbol. The ritual becomes a derivative of the myth. In fact, any symbolic action for consciously or unconsciously designating one's own identity is already a certain ritual. From a historical point of view, the problems of the implementation of symbolic politics were inextricably linked with cult and religious customs, which, in essence, became the basis for the functioning of a society divided into identified groups. Today, modern society is guided to a greater extent by aspects of public policy, since religious issues have faded into the background. Accordingly, the characters are also changing - the issue of entertainment, openness, accessibility acquires a key role. The process of creating and transforming political and social traditions on the issue of political identity ultimately leads to a close relationship between the past and the present, despite the high degree of mediocrity and conditionality of this connection from the point of view of scientific discourse, which makes their study significant for modern public policy.
Keywords: public policy, symbols, memory, myths, rituals, customs.
«The Salt Riot» by Pavel Vasilyev: poetical characteristics and historical context
«The Salt Riot» by Pavel Vasilyev is discussed in terms of poetry, ideology and history. The poetic texts are analyzed as basically connected with real trends and social splits in the Cossack regions of Western Siberia at the end of the 19th and at the beginning of the 20th centuries.
Keywords: Pavel Vasilyev, «The Salt Riot», Cossacks, Semirechye Cossacks, Irtish River Cossacks, the Kirghiz people, the Kazakh people.
Strategies for organizing Russian library resources in China
Russian documentation is an important source of foreign information presented in scientific libraries in China. At present, most scientific libraries are experiencing certain problems in working with Russian documentation, which are presented in detail in this study and served as a prerequisite for its implementation. The contradictions that have developed at present made it possible to formulate the purpose of the study - to identify the strategic directions of organizing Russian library resources in China. Based on the results of a theoretical analysis of the data presented in the scientific literature in the context of the topic of this study, strategic directions of action were proposed to improve Russian information resources in order to strengthen cultural exchange between the two countries. The activities carried out within the framework of the formulated strategic directions can significantly increase the role of Russian documentation in the social development of Heilongjiang Province and the country as a whole.
Keywords: public scientific library, Russian documentation, strategy for organizing documentary resources, documentation of the Russian emigration.
Investments by Chinese companies in South-East Asia in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
The article outlines the promising areas of investment by Chinese companies in Southeast Asia in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) in 2008-2020. Describes the niches of the mining sector of the DRC, relevant for huaqiao (Chinese from Southeast Asia). A forecast is given of the difficulties that huaqiao may face in the DRC. The role of Chinese companies from China as the main competitor of huaqiao, taking into account their main advantages, is indicated.
Keywords: Huaqiao investments in Africa, Huaqiao of Southeast Asia, Huaqiao and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Chinese factor in Africa, Chinese competition from Southeast Asia and China, DRC and Chinese investments, Chinese companies in Africa, Chinese in Africa, DRC, Chinese factor in Africa, the Chinese in Equatorial Africa, Equatorial Africa, DRC resources, Equatorial Africa resources.
On the assessment of the impact of industry on the economic activities of the indigenous population of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)
The article analyzes the specifics of the study historical experience of the adaptation of indigenous peoples to the socio-economic conditions of Yakutia, transformation in the conditions of industrial development and aggravated sociocultural processes. Special attention is paid to the analysis and projection of the demographic and economic sustainability of the population under certain socio-environmental conditions of reproduction of the existing traditional communal nature management and the problems of preserving the health of the population. Particular attention is paid to the well-being and the application of customary law as an alternative basis for protecting their original habitat, traditional way of life, managing, crafts, analysis of significant state projects, the formation of self-government bodies as well as the social, industrial and natural resource potentials of the republic. The results of the study revealed the most complex problems of adaptation of the indigenous population, as it is very difficult for them to integrate into the modern legal system. Urgent problems in traditional management are legal registration of fixing of fishing grounds, fishing sites, licensing and quotas associated with the use of animal world and aquatic biological resources. In general the situation of the methodological crisis of ethnological science affects the current legislative framework. It should be recognized that at present, the real legal mechanisms for protecting and adapting the population of the industrial regions of Yakutia in the post-Soviet Russian space have not been fully developed. Serious field research is required.
Keywords: rights of indigenous peoples, traditional natural management, ethnological expertise, industrial development.
Sydney City Buildings 1788-1821
Australia is a young state. The history of this country goes back a little over 200 years. While many European and Asian countries admired the centuries-old monuments, Australia was just beginning to create them. The most popular work of art today is the Opera House. Of course, it delights with its size, geographical location, as well as an interesting engineering solution for the construction of a shell-shaped frame. But few people know about the first developments in Sydney.
Sydney is located at Port Jackson Harbor. This city has an advantageous geographical position and a hot climate. Flora and fauna are different from those familiar to Europeans. Therefore, the first years were difficult for the colonists, and the main goal was survival. Only after the increase in the population, acclimatization and the appearance of the necessary materials for construction, the settlers began to think about creating not only practical, but also beautiful buildings.
The construction boom comes during the reign of Governor Lachlan Macquarie. In his era, Francis Greenway, an architect exiled from Great Britain to hard labor, had the opportunity to prove himself. Many of his masterpieces have survived to this day. Church of st. Matthew and St. James, which were made in the Georgian style, continue to delight not only tourists, but also Australians with their appearance. Also preserved are the barracks, hospitals and the famous lighthouse, which is located near the famous Opera Theater. The buildings of the later Greenway period will take on the features of the Victorian style, which will be brought in by settlers of the later period. Unfortunately, not everything has survived to this day. Some of it was rebuilt because the governor did not like it, but in general, walking around Sydney you can see a building from the 19th century in the center of the metropolis. Australians are very careful about preserving the historical memory of their state. We can only guess why. Possibly is connected with the peculiarities of upbringing, maybe because of the “peculiar” past, or because the history of the state is very small. Perhaps all these theories have the right to exist, but what can be said unequivocally is that the Australians cherish all architectural monuments and try to increase their historical heritage.
Keywords: Australia, Georgian style, Victorian style, convicts, colony.
Essence and determinants of relations between Syria and the Islamic Republic of Iran in the context of the Syrian crisis
Syria and Iran are strategic allies, and Syria is commonly referred to as Iran's closest supporter. The article examines the international relations of countries in a crisis.
Keywords: international relations, crisis, republic, negotiations, Syria, Islam.
The problem of security in the foreign policy of Bulgaria concept. Theoretical and Conceptual Approaches
With the collapse of the bipolar system of international relations and the change in the balance of power in the world, the new authorities in Bulgaria have designated themselves following the general trends characteristic of Western Europe. As a result, by 2004 Bulgaria became a full member of NATO, and in 2007 became a member of the EU. In recent decades, Bulgaria has completely reformed its legislation and military defense in order to bring them in line with the requirements of the EU and NATO.
Keywords: Bulgaria, security problem, military doctrine of Bulgaria, The European Union, NATO.
Al-Akwa’a Amal Abdullah Mohamed, Third-year postgraduate student - Department of Theory and History of International Relations, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Atlasova E.S., M.K. Ammosova North-Eastern Federal University.
Doneva Penka, Master's student of the Department of Theory and History of International Relations. Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Galaganova S.G., Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Associate Professor. Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Department of Information Analysis and Political Technologies.
Gao Yan, Librarian, Heihe University, China, Heilongjiang Province.
Kornilova E.I., Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Administrative Law and Administrative Activities of the Police in the Kikot Moscow Regional Branch. Moscow University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation.
Ning Yanhong, Research Fellow, Heihe University, China, Heilongjiang Province.
Prokopchuk N.S., Applicant, history teacher, MBOU «Secondary school № 35».
Shpakovskaya M.A., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Theory and History of International Relations. Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Somar Ghanem, Post-graduate student of the second year of international relations. Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Somar Hafez Ghanem, Second-year postgraduate student - Department of Theory and History of International Relations, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Ternovaya L.O., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor MADI (The Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University).
Volgin G.S., Graduate student. Saint Petersburg state University.
Zakharyev Y.O., Graduate Student of Moscow State Linguistic University.