|Information technology: systems and processes|
|Bredikhin A.V. Ethnic identity of the Don Cossacks in modern Russian studies||9|
|Bekirova F.S. Constitutional and legal regulation of changes in the status and composition of the subjects of the Russian Federation||17|
|Biryukov S.V., Karpov D.S. LDPR as a case of a systemic opposition party in modern Russia||22|
|History and society
|Archugova A.S. The history of the People’s Daily first overseas correspondent station based in Moscow||41|
|Huang Dengxue, Barov S.A., Egorova M.A. A new type of Russian-Chinese relations: key meanings||48|
|Gahrymanova Nurana China-Turkmenistan energy cooperation: the current stage of cooperation||62|
|Egorova M.A., Egorov A.A., Orlova T.G. Comparison of typical Chinese characters and keys from modern text messages with hieroglyphs and keys on the oldest Chinese samples: movement development, continuity||68|
|Shershah Aryan Mohammad Hassan, Shpakovskaya M.A. The role of the UN in resolving the situation in Afghanistan||76|
|Carballo M.S. Formation of the Bolivian education system (XX and XXI centuries)||85|
|Eyvazi H. Iran’s position on the peaceful settlement of the situation in Afghanistan||95|
Ethnic identity of the Don Cossacks in modern Russian studies
The problem of ethnic identification of the Don Cossacks is the subject of consideration of a number of scientific schools and scientists. The ethno-political, ethno-social, and ethno-cultural specifics of the formation of the Cossack identity do not have a single approach. At the same time, various aspects of it can be used for destructive purposes. The review presents the main studies of Russian scientists aimed at understanding the phenomenon of ethnic identity of the Don Cossacks. Examples of dual and sub-ethnic identification are given on the example of the Kuban, Seversk, and Terek Cossacks who are geographically and historically close to the Don Cossacks.
Keywords: Don, identity, Cossacks, subethnos, ethnicity.
Constitutional and legal regulation of changes in the status and composition of the subjects of the Russian Federation
The Constitution of the Russian Federation of 1993 established the federal structure of Russia as a part of 89 subjects of the Federation. The most important task of the state-building of the Russian Federation is to ensure the unity of the territory of the federation, to preserve its state integrity, including by modernizing the composition of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: Constitution, federation, subject of the Russian Federation, constitutional and legal status of the subject.
LDPR as a case of a systemic opposition party in modern Russia
The existence of the LDPR party in the Russian political system, its role and position on key state issues play an important role, being a kind of "outlet" for the patriotic electorate. The authors carried out a study of the place and role of the LDPR in the political system of Russia, tracing the features of its positioning in different periods of its activity and the role of the party in the political system of Russia.
Keywords: LDPR, political system, elections, patriotic electorate, systemic opposition, V.V. Zhirinovsky.
The history of the People's Daily first overseas correspondent station based in Moscow
The article describes the process of formation Sino-Soviet relations in the field of mass media and the history of the People's Daily first overseas correspondent station based in Moscow. On the basis of articles published by Chinese reporters analyzes work of the Moscow correspondent station of the main organ of the CPC during the period from the founding of the People's Republic of China to Soviet-Chinese confrontation 60s-70s XX century. The articles shows the Soviet-Chinese relations of this period and the degree of influence of the Soviet Union on the process of building socialism in the PRC.
Keywords: USSR, PRC, Sino-Soviet relations, Sino-Russian relations, the CPSU; the Communist party of China, People's Daily.
A new type of Russian-Chinese relations: key meanings
The article is devoted to the topical problems of Sino-Russian relations at the present stage. More than two decades have passed since the establishment of a strategic partnership between the two countries. During this time, China and Russia have adapted their foreign policy strategies to take into account each other's national interests, which contributed to the formation and strengthening of partnership between the two countries, which is acquiring more and more distinct forms and forming a new model of global interaction between great powers in the period after the end of the Cold War. At the present stage, this model not only acquires a wide-format dimension, contributing to the democratization of international relations and the establishment of a new world order, but also becomes a model of truly partner interaction for other countries, which in a new way actualizes the most important topic of maintaining a stable and secure environment for the development of bilateral relations between China and Russia.
Keywords: China, Russia, USA, "great powers", Russian-Chinese relations, strategic partnership.
China-Turkmenistan energy cooperation: the current stage of cooperation
The presence and activities of the People's Republic of China in the energy sector of Turkmenistan and Central Asia regional economy on thw whole seems to be a relevant research topic. The article studies the energy relations between China and Turkmenistan at the current stage of development, as well as the possibilities and prospects of this mutually beneficial cooperation. China has managed to achieve quite significant success in the process of entering the energy sector of Turkmenistan, which, with the formation and deepening of more equal and mutually beneficial relations between the two countries in the future should contribute to the comprehensive economic growth and establishment of not only Turkmenistan, but also the rest of Central Asia.
Keywords: China, Turkmenistan, Central Asia, energy cooperation, world politics, world economy.
Comparison of typical Chinese characters and keys from modern text messages with hieroglyphs and keys on the oldest Chinese samples: movement development, continuity
It was given brief information about the Chinese language and Chinese language communities. The Chinese language uses ideographic writing, the signs of the Chinese writing are called hieroglyphs. The outer form of Chinese characters in the 3rd century BC and later underwent strong changes caused mainly by a change in writing technique. The oldest monuments of the Chinese language are the inscriptions on the bones and tortoise shells, which were used for fortune telling, as well as inscriptions on bronze vessels. A comparison is made of some typical hieroglyphs and keys from modern common text messages with characters and radicals in the images of some Jiaguwen (writing on turtle shells and oracle bones dating back to the 14th–11th centuries BC) and Jinwen (ancient inscriptions on bronze vessels, about II–I millennium BC). In both cases we identified the most ancient characters and radicals that are in modern texts. The urgency of developing new methods for studying ancient Chinese artifacts such as Jiaguwen and Jinwen, in particular, in the context of Sino-Indo-European contacts, is noted. Of undoubted interest are hieroglyphs describing the process of land movement, for example, a horse and wheeled carts, as well as the context of their use in the ancient Chinese writings. For a more rational organization and planning of research, a useful estimate of the number of ancient radicals (hieroglyphs) of the Chinese script is proposed, which can be identified by analyzing single samples of ancient artifacts (such as Jiaguwen and Jinwen) and also found in modern texts. This approach can be used, for example, to optimize field and museum work. The results obtained indicate the promise of studying such ancient examples of art, culture and science as Jiaguwen and Jinwen. In this case, we are talking about both the visual study of ancient artifacts and the subsequent interpretation of the inscriptions, as well as the development of methodological foundations for the selection of certain quantitative criteria for the analysis of all data.
Keywords: history, Mandarin Chinese, hieroglyphic inscription, Jiaguwen, Jinwen, Chinese radicals, Chinese writing, ancient writing, horses, movement.
Shershah Aryan Mohammad Hassan
The role of the UN in resolving the situation in Afghanistan
UN activities to resolve the situation in Afghanistan, the beginning of the fight against terrorism in 2001 and the growth of terrorism in the region despite all the actions taken.
Keywords: Afghanistan, geopolitics, regulation, struggle, territories, human rights.
Formation of the Bolivian education system (XX and XXI centuries)
The article provides a historical perspective on education reforms carried out in Bolivia. As a result, educational reforms in Bolivia in the twentieth century became known: liberals (1899-1920), nationalists (1954-1964) and neoliberals (1994-2004); and in the XXI century it is social and social. Over the nearly 196 years of Bolivia's creation, various educational plans have been implemented in accordance with the times and policies adopted by the governments of the time. The latest model that is intended to be applied today is productive social and community education, the purpose of which is to foster the process of holistic and holis-tic learning of the learner through the development of dimensions of being, knowledge, action and decision-making, as established by Education Law 070 Avelino Signani and Elizario Perez.
Keywords: Bolivia, Bolivian education, educational policy, educational reforms, educational legisla-tion, the law of Avelino Sinani and Elisario Perez.
Iran's position on the peaceful settlement of the situation in Afghanistan
The problem of Afghanistan was one of the most important foreign policy issues of the Islamic Republic of Iran. However, the position and importance of this country in Iran's foreign policy were different. Rather, it has changed regionally and internationally due to internal events in Afghanistan. For example, the invasion of the US-led coalition by the international community and the subsequent fall of the Taliban in December 2001 was a historic milestone in this change.
The main purpose of this study is to explain the perspective of Iran's foreign policy and its components in relation to its attitude towards peace in Afghanistan with the Taliban. This article attempts to examine why, how and how the foreign policy of the Islamic Republic of Iran is being pursued in relation to the peace process in Afghanistan with the Taliban. Iran has long been expected to play an active and constructive role as one of the most powerful forces in Afghanistan; The role that Iran was to play with an innovative foreign policy. What is clear in this regard is Iran's desperate efforts to bring peace and security to Afghanistan, which have sometimes been overlooked due to political instability and Iran's controversial and passive decisions. This study, with the aim of reviewing the peace process between Afghanistan and the Taliban, explores and analyzes the background of Iran's foreign relations with Afghanistan, goals, orientations and foreign policy behavior of the Islamic Republic of Iran from the beginning to the present. At the time of this writing, direct negotiations have begun between the Afghan cabinet and the Taliban, dubbed the "inter-Afghan dialogue," which will undoubtedly revive challenges and incentives in international relations.
Keywords: foreign policy, Islamic Republic of Iran, Afghanistan, Taliban.
Archugova A.S., Applicant at the Department of History of Russia, Faculty of the Humanities and Social Sciences, Assistant at the Department of Foreign Languages, Faculty of the Humanities and Social Sciences. Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Barov S.A., Associate professor, Candidate of political sciences. Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Department of Foreign Languages and Intercultural Communication, Faculty of International Economic Relations.
Bekirova F.S., Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of State and Legal Disciplines of the North Caucasus State Academy.
Biryukov S.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor of Department of Political Sciences and Technologies of the Siberian Institute of Management - National School of Public and Business Administration (RANEPA), (Novosibirsk); Senior researcher of Center for Russian studies at East China Normal University (Shanghai, PRC). Professor of Department of Political Sciences of National Research Tomsk State University (Tomsk). Professor of Department of History of Kemerovo State Medical University (Kemerovo).
Bredikhin A.V., Candidate of Historical Sciences, Head of the First Children’s Cossack Library № 128 - M.A. Sholokhov Cultural Center of the Central Library of the South-Eastern Administrative District.
Carballo M.S., 1st year master's student. Department of International Relations. Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Egorov A.A., Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, visiting professor-consultant. Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Egorova M.A., Candidate of Political Science, Associate Professor. Peoples' Friendship University of Russia. Department of Foreign Languages, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences.
Eyvazi H., Department of Theory and History of International Relations, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Gahrymanova Nurana, Graduate student and assistant at the Chair of Theory and History of International Relations. Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia.
Huang Dengxue, Professor, Shandong University (Jinan, China). Institute of Political Science and Public Administration, Deputy Director of the Center for the Study of Russia and Central Asia, Shandong University.
Karpov D.S., Post-graduate student of Department of Political Science and technologies, Siberian Institute of Management - National School of Public and Business Administration (RANEPA).
Orlova T.G., Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor. Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Shershah Aryan Mohammad Hassan, Post-graduate student of the Department of Theory and History of International Relations, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences. Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Shpakovskaya M.A., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Theory and History of International Relations, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences. Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.