|Geopolitics and patriotic education|
|Ryabova E.L., Ternovaya L.O. 80th Anniversary of the parade on Red Square: historical, cultural and geopolitical meanings of parades||9|
|Mohammed Almuallem The Role of Arab League Reform for LAS-UN Interaction||19|
|Biryukov S.V. Erdogan’s Turkey in a maze of solutions: is a way out of the crisis possible?||25|
|Serenko I.N. Pakistan’s “Golden Ring” for the regional integration of Afghanistan||37|
|History and society
|Baksheev A.I., Rogachev A.G., Andrenko O.V. On the question of the development of the Far East at the beginning of the twentieth century||49|
|Chukanov I.A., Khapaev E.A. Solution of personnel problems at the military-industrial enterprises of the USSR in 1941-1943. (on the materials of the Ulyanovsk district (region)||58|
|Liu Lei Prerequisites for the emergence of a popular uprising and the role of the White emigration in the political life of Xinjiang||72|
|Bogatyreva M.R. Features of medical law in modern conditions||78|
|Sedaya V.Y., Shpakovskaya M.A. Historical retrospective of the development of relations between Japan and the EU||82|
|Pavlova M.N. Moscow during the French occupation of 1812 in historiography||90|
|Borodin M.P. Fire warning system of the professional fire brigade of St. Petersburg in the first half of the XIX century||98|
|Galaganova S.G. «The Kulaks» by Pavel Vasilyev: poetical trustworthiness and historical truth||104|
|Egorova M.A., Egorov A.A., Medvedev Y.S. Determining the quantity of hieroglyphic signs in the ancient inscriptions||117|
80th Anniversary of the parade on Red Square: historical, cultural and geopolitical meanings of parades
In connection with the eightieth anniversary of the parade on Red Square, the article analyzes various parades noted in the history of individual states due to their historical, cultural and geopolitical meanings. The tendencies that are manifested in mass public actions, prompting to call such actions parades, are highlighted. The nature of such events negatively affects the very culture of parades, in particular, giving them a carnival flavor. It is also shown that certain phenomena of artistic culture, considered in the aspect of the culture of the parade, are capable of exerting the same consolidating effect on society as military parades.
Keywords: parade, geopolitics, history, Armed forces, social protest, culture, carnival.
The Role of Arab League Reform for LAS-UN Interaction
The purpose of the article is to identify approaches to the reform of the LAS, to analyze the interaction of this organization with the UN, to determine the context and dynamics of the reform process. The question of reforming the League and the revision of its Charter, which was developed more than seventy years ago, is still relevant. The author analyzed the specific proposals of the member states at different stages of the LAS history. The author came to the conclusion that no serious action was taken in this respect until the headquarters of the League was moved to Tunisia, when a resolution calling for an amendment to the Charter of the League was adopted at the Tenth Arab Summit, held in November 1979.
Keywords: reform, LAS, UN, security, cooperation, amendments, unity, discussion, debate.
Erdogan's Turkey in a maze of solutions: is a way out of the crisis possible?
Modern muslim societies and states, going through a process of large-scale and profound changes and striving to find their place in the transforming global world, often face what is commonly called development crises. Modern Turkey is experiencing a systemic crisis associated with large-scale foreign policy initiatives, the dismantling of a number of domestic political mechanisms that ensured the stability of the Republic until the early 2000s. An attempt to get out of the crisis by generating new initiatives in both domestic and foreign policy often means not the removal, but the strengthening of existing tensions both inside and around Turkey. The author of the presented work attempts to analyze the political context within which the strategy of President Erdogan is being implemented, assesses the possible prospects of his chosen political course.
Keywords: Turkey, neo-Ottomanism, Kemalism, Republicanism, crises of political development, presidentialism, political mobilization.
Pakistan's "Golden Ring" for the regional integration of Afghanistan
The recent prospect of ending the intra-Afghan conflict has intensified the processes of multifaceted Eurasian integration, in which Afghanistan, geographically occupying a central place, has long been a weak, actually missing link in the practical implementation of various integration projects. The main regional players, including neighboring Pakistan, associate the possibility of finally achieving peace and stability in Afghanistan not only with the achievement of a political dialogue between all parties involved in the Afghan conflict, but also with its involvement in the economic cooperation of states, including in the format of Eurasian integration.
Keywords: Afghanistan, Pakistan, BEP, Eurasian integration.
On the question of the development of the Far East at the beginning of the twentieth century
The article analyzes the policy of settlement and development of the territories of the Far East during the agrarian reform of 1906-1917. Using general historical methods, the essence and results of the Stolypin agrarian reform of 1906-1917 are considered, the discussion on the construction of the Amur Railway as a means of settling and developing the territories of the Far East is analyzed; the characteristics of the resettlement movement and the peculiarities of economic relations in the Far Eastern region in 1906-1916 are presented.
Keywords: Far East, P.A. Stolypin's agrarian reform, Amur Railway, resettlement movement, land use, hundred-year-old.
Solution of personnel problems at the military-industrial enterprises of the USSR in 1941-1943. (on the materials of the Ulyanovsk district (region)
The article, prepared on the basis of wartime archival materials, reveals the main ways to solve personnel problems at the most important military-industrial enterprises in 1941-1943 - the most difficult period of the Great Patriotic War. In conditions when a significant part of highly qualified workers were drafted into the army, industrial training was organized for women, students of senior secondary schools and even children who showed a great desire to learn a profession and be useful in a time of trials for their country.
Of no small importance was the return to production of retired veterans, who formed the backbone of the most trained production personnel and, despite the most difficult living conditions, an acute shortage of food and essential goods, and other everyday difficulties, managed to fulfill and overfulfill production tasks with high quality.
Keywords: production process, labor discipline, mentorship, socialist competition, vocational schools.
Prerequisites for the emergence of a popular uprising and the role of the White emigration in the political life of Xinjiang
The article is devoted to the activities of Russian emigrants in Xinjiang in the first half of the 1930s. Particular attention is paid to the causes of the uprising and the development of the event with Russian emigration’s participation. The article concludes that in the course of military operations, Russian emigration repeatedly saved cities from rebels. This event had a significant impact on their position in the first half of the 1930s.
Keywords: Xinjiang, white emigration, Uighurs, Dungan.
Features of medical law in modern conditions
The Constitution proclaimed the Russian Federation a social state in which a person, his rights and freedoms are the highest value. The right to health care and medical care seems to be natural, inherent in everyone from birth, and its implementation becomes especially relevant in the context of modern socio-economic reforms in Russia.
Keywords: medical law, patients' rights, medical services.
Historical retrospective of the development of relations between Japan and the EU
In the 90s. development of relations between the EU countries and the countries of East and Southeast Asia, mainly concerned the issues of economic cooperation, which began to actively develop in the second half of the 1960s.
Keywords: Japan, EU, perspective, retrospective development, international relations.
Moscow during the French occupation of 1812 in historiography
In this article, the author analyze the key trends in the historiography devoted to the stay of French troops in Moscow in September - October 1812. Today, the confrontation between two classes of historians has become more acute in Russian science than ever before: bonapartists and patriots. The former try to justify the actions of the French troops, presenting them and the Emperor Napoleon only in a positive way. The latter, on the contrary, seek to show the full horror of the war of 1812 with its monstrous fires, the atrocities of the occupiers against not only the common man, but also the clergy.
Keywords: War of 1812, the Patriotic War of 1812, the occupation of Moscow, the fire of Moscow, patriots, bonapartists.
Fire warning system of the professional fire brigade of St. Petersburg in the first half of the XIX century
A study of the fire and emergency warning system of a professional fire brigade in the XIX century was carried out. Subject of research: Creation and development of a fire and emergency warning system of a professional fire brigade. Object of research: Fire warning system of the professional fire brigade of St. Petersburg in the first half of the XIX century.
The purpose of the study. Based on the analysis of scientific literature, published and unpublished documents, materials, to comprehensively study and summarize the patterns of the main historical aspects of creating a fire and emergency warning system of a professional fire brigade, the relevance of studying the problem is also due to the need to apply the accumulated historical experience in modern practice on the development and modernization of the fire and emergency notification system of fire and rescue units of the State Fire Service of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia.
The scientific novelty of the research is determined by a comprehensive analysis of the main historical aspects of the creation and development of a fire and emergency warning system of a professional fire brigade, which is aimed at effectively fulfilling the tasks facing fire departments.
Keywords: notification (notification), fires, fire alarm, notification alarm, conditional signals.
«The Kulaks» by Pavel Vasilyev: poetical trustworthiness and historical truth
The poem «The Kulaks» by Pavel Vasilyev is discussed in terms of poetry, ideology and history. The poetic texts are analyzed as basically connected with real historical events in the Cossack regions of Western Siberia in the first half of the 20th century.
Keywords: Pavel Vasilyev, Kulaks, cossacks, Irtish river, the kulak terror, raskulachivanie, collective farm, collectivization.
Determining the quantity of hieroglyphic signs in the ancient inscriptions
The article is devoted to the development of a new method for solving an urgent problem of pattern recognition. Such tasks are part of complex pattern recognition problems. In this work, one of such promising and urgent problems is considered: the identification of various structural elements, for example, ancient characters applied to the surface of ancient artifacts. A method for the correct identification of groove-type elements that are an integral part of various complex structural elements such as Chinese characters is briefly described. The method is based on photometry of the surface of the studied ancient artifact and subsequent digital processing of the data obtained in order to determine the characteristics and parameters characterizing the properties of the surface of the investigated artifact. The main attention is paid to the development of methods for more accurate calculation of the quantity of solitary structural elements such as ancient characters (Chinese radicals). The described research method allows us to obtain a stable and unambiguous solution to this problem: to determine the quantity of characters.
Keywords: history, culture, hieroglyphic inscription, Jiǎgǔwén (甲骨文), Jinwen (金文), Chinese radicals (部首), linguistics, computer processing.
Andrenko O.V., Associate Professor of the Department of Philosophy and Social Sciences and Humanities, Candidate of Biological Sciences, Krasnoyarsk State Medical University named after Professor V.F. Voino-Yasenetsky, Krasnoyarsk.
Baksheev A.I., Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Philosophy and Social Sciences and Humanities, Krasnoyarsk State Medical University named after Professor V.F. Voino-Yasenetsky, Krasnoyarsk.
Biryukov S.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor of the Department of Social Anthropology and Intercultural Communications of the Siberian Institute of Management - RANEPA (of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Novosibirsk), Senior Researcher at the Center for the Study of Russia of the East China Pedagogical University (Shanghai, China), Professor of the Department of Political Science of TSU (Tomsk), Professor of the Department of History of KemSMU (Kemerovo State Medical University).
Bogatyreva M.R., Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Civil Law and Procedure, Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "North Caucasus State Academy".
Borodin M.P., Candidate of Historical Sciences. Associate Professor of the Department of Retraining and Advanced Training of specialists. St. Petersburg University of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia.
Chukanov I.A., Professor. Departments of History. Ulyanovsk State Pedagogical University.
Egorova M.A., PhD of Political Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Foreign Languages, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Egorov A.A., Dr.Sc., Visiting Professor-consultant at Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Galaganova S.G., Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Department of Information Analysis and Political Technologies, Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Associate Professor.
Khapaev E.A., Draduate student. Ulyanovsk State Pedagogical University.
Liu Lei, Third-year postgraduate student, department of historical regional studies, Institute of History, St. Petersburg State University.
Medvedev Y.S., PhD in History, Associate professor, Department of Foreign Languages, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Mohammed Almuallem, Post-graduate Student of the Theory and History of International Relations Department, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Pavlova M.N., Applicant for the degree of candidate of historical sciences. Moscow State Regional University.
Rogachev A.G., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor. FSBEI HE "Krasnoyarsk State Agrarian University", Krasnoyarsk.
Ryabova E.L., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, International Publishing Center.
Sedaya V.Y., Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Serenko I.N., Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Senior Researcher at the Center for the Study of the Countries of the Near and Middle East, Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Shpakovskaya M.A., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Theory and History of International Relations, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences. Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Ternovaya L.O., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor MADI (The Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University).