|Geopolitics and patriotic education|
|Ryabova E.L. Ternovaya L.O. Geopsychology and geopolitics of colored lines||9|
|Barov S.A. Japanese-Chinese relations in the context of events in Ukraine||19|
|Kalabekova S.V.. Kolesnikova O.Y., Sumskaya M.Y. Consumerist approach in the education system||39|
|Kurkov V.V. Admirals of Russia and Japan in the confrontation from port Arthur to Tsushima: combat experience as a decisive factor in the outcome of the war of 1904–1905 on the sea||44|
|Questions of history|
|Zhukova J.A. Causes of the cold war in russian historiography||56|
|Panasyuk V.V. Exit of the peasants from the community during the First World War: according to the materials of the Kaluga province||66|
|Raisov D. Basics of analysis and planning of the structure of industry in Kazakhstan during 1961-1985||75|
|Batchaeva A.M. The healthcare system in the mountainous districts of the Upper Kuban during the First World War and the Civil War (1914-1920)||84|
|Borodin M.P. Actions of the imperial professional team on fire and emergency warning signals||93|
|Sidarus Abanub Fahmy Salib Some aspects of the establishment of relations between Egypt and Italy||98|
Geopsychology and geopolitics of colored lines
The article presents a picture of post-conflict settlement, implemented with the help of such demarcation lines, which received color indexing: "Red Line", "Purple Line", "Green Line", "Blue Line". This model of peacemaking is distinguished by internal contradictions. On the one hand, it reflects the meaning of the straightforwardness of the approach to the separation of zones of interest. On the other hand, it is not alien to the use of an arsenal of geopsychological methods focused on the mobilization of symbolic images in the mind.
Keywords: geopolitics, geopsychology, empires, borders, symbols, conflicts.
Japanese-Chinese relations in the context of events in Ukraine
The beginning of Russia's special military operation in Ukraine and the formation of a global liberal coalition led by the United States marked a new stage in the development of the system of international relations. And soon this will have a decisive impact not only on the military-political situation in Europe, but also on the Asia-Pacific region, exacerbating already tense relations in East Asia. Obviously, the events in Ukraine will accelerate the formation of a global bipolar system of relations, in which each country will have to choose which bloc to join.
Keywords: Ukraine, NATO, USA, Europe, path, analysis, events, choice.
The consumerist trend and its impact on the education system
In article influence a consumption expert on an education system is considered, positive and negative consequences of penetration consumerist a trend in the educational environment are analyzed. The concept analysis «educational service» is given, the conditions of its occurrence caused by requirements of market relations are traced. It is shown, how consumerist the formation orientation transforms it into the major social marker, in the mechanism of realisation of social aspirations more and more. The attention to how consumer tendencies change an education system, character of used pedagogical and methodical receptions is paid.
Keywords: consumerism, trend, education, educational service, market relations, social marker.
Admirals of Russia and Japan in the confrontation from port Arthur to Tsushima: combat experience as a decisive factor in the outcome of the war of 1904–1905 on the sea
The article is devoted to a comparative analysis of the combat experience of Russian and Japanese naval commanders during the war of 1904–1905. on the example of comparing the military careers of Japanese admirals Togo, Kamimura, Dev, Uriu, Kataoka and Russian admirals - Makarov, Vitgeft, Rozhdestvensky, Nebogatov, Enkvist. As a result, a conclusion was made about the absolute superiority of the Japanese admirals in the field of having combat experience over the Russian commanders of both the 1st and 2nd Pacific squadrons. A similar situation can be traced by the author in terms of assessing the combat experience and training of the personnel of the warring fleets, which in general became one of the main reasons for Russia's defeat in this war.
Keywords: Russian-Japanese war, Port-Arthur, battle in the Yellow Sea, Battle of Tsushima, admirals, fleet personnel, combat experience and training level of sailors.
Causes of the cold war in Russian historiography
The article considers the question of the history of the study of the causes of the Cold War by Soviet and Russian historians. There are many views on these problems and most of them are quite controversial. This is what determines the relevance of this article.
Keywords: Cold War, USSR, USA, historiography.
Exit of the peasants from the community during the First World War: according to the materials of the Kaluga province
The object of the study is the Stolypin agrarian policy at the beginning of the 20th century, the subject of study is the withdrawal of peasants from the community during the First World War on the example of the Kaluga province. The methodological basis of the article is the principles of scientific objectivity, historicism, consistency, which allow revealing the cause-and-effect relationships of events, phenomena, processes in their dynamics. The source base of the study was documents and materials of various origins: firstly, office documentation found in the State Archives of the Kaluga province, secondly, legislative acts and, thirdly, materials from periodicals. For the first time in Russian historiography, the author solves the problem of studying this issue using the example of the region under study. The materials of the publication can be used in the preparation of lecture courses, practical classes, writing manuals. The author's main attention is drawn to identifying the dynamics of strengthening communal lands by householders, certifying allotment land by them, analyzing the conditions, features of the implementation of these processes in comparison with other regions of the country. It is concluded that the protracted First World War contributed to a sharp reduction in the exit of peasants from the community, and the Provisional government, which came to power after February 1917, officially announced the completion of Stolypin's agrarian reforms.
Keywords: Kaluga province, First World War, households, peasants, community, Provisional government.
Basics of analysis and planning of the structure of industry in Kazakhstan during 1961-1985
This article is devoted to the analysis of the industry of Kazakhstan in 1961-1985. Purpose of the article – the analysis of the functional structure of industrial complexes in Kazakhstan in the period from 1961 to 1985. To achieve the purpose, the author has used the following scientific methods: analysis, synthesis, comparison, generalization, method of component analysis. The profiling branches of the region are defined, the functional groups of the industry are indicated. The characteristic of mandatory elements of industrial complexes is given. The data of the statistical office of Kazakhstan for the specified period are used, the division of industries in production according to their significance into three functional groups is shown: branches of specialization, industries and production that serve the needs of the profile industries and the entire economy of the region, and industries and production that serve the needs of the population.
The features of the location and development of light industry sectors, the balance of production and consumption for certain types of these products are highlighted in the article. The author has analyzed the industries and industries that served the economy of the republic as a whole, as well as the main industries of the region. Based on the functional significance of individual industries and industries, the author has compiled an enlarged diagram of the functional structure of the industrial complex of the region and the intra-republican economic region with an approximate set of industries and for each functional group. In the presented scheme, the main factors of influence on industries of specialization and industries serving the needs of specialized industries and the entire industrial complex, as well as industries serving the needs of the population are presented. In the work, the author has pointed out the particular importance of the combination of factors of each territory, caused by differences in natural conditions and resources, which influenced the location of industrial enterprises and determined different proportions in the development of three interconnected groups of industries and industries.
The material is presented in the article can be used in comprehensive studies of the development of the industry of Kazakhstan in the Soviet period of history, as well as for comparative studies on the development of the industry of the republic in other historical periods.
Keywords: industrial complex, functional structure, production fund, population needs, products, investment process, industry, specialization.
The healthcare system in the mountainous districts of the Upper Kuban during the First World War and the Civil War (1914-1920)
The events of recent years (2020-2022), as you know, have shown that, despite all the achievements of medicine, humanity in the XXI century is not always able to adequately and timely respond to new epidemiological threats.
And in this regard, the appeal to historical experience, the study of the main problems faced by the authorities and the health care system more than a century ago, in emergency conditions, seems relevant and timely.
The purpose of the preparation of the presented article was to analyze the problems of preserving the health of the mountain population of modern Karachay-Cherkessia (geographical area of the Upper Kuban) during the First World War and the Civil War (1914-1920). In the article, based on the basic principles of research work (the principle of historicism and scientific objectivity), the author traces the main stages of the functioning of the regional health system in wartime conditions. An idea is given about the leading areas of activity in this area of the authorities of the imperial, Soviet and White Guard regimes. In the process of work, an integrated approach was applied to the study of documents and materials, literature on a given topic. Using the methods of comparative-historical and problem-chronological analysis, the author attempts to identify the causes of the growth of crisis phenomena in the industry, their results and consequences.
It is noted that the personnel shortage, acute shortage of medicines, lack of proper support from the authorities - all this caused a massive increase in morbidity, especially infectious diseases. Having assumed an epidemic character, they claimed the lives of thousands of mountaineers, causing irreparable damage to their demographic potential, and, in many ways, causing economic decline. The paper emphasizes that the problems of protecting the health of the mountain population were not resolved during the entire period, which led to an increase in protest moods.
Keywords: Karachai and Cherkessia, Upper Kuban, healthcare, urban population, World War I, civil war, medicine, epidemics.
Actions of the imperial professional team on fire and emergency warning signals
A study of the actions of the St. Petersburg professional fire brigade on fire warning signals and emergency situations in the XIX century was carried out.
Subject of research: Actions of the St. Petersburg professional team on fire and emergency warning signals.
Object of research: Functioning of the Imperial professional fire brigade.
The purpose of the study. Based on the analysis of scientific literature, published and unpublished documents, materials, to comprehensively study and summarize the patterns of the main historical aspects of the functioning of the imperial professional team in the XIX century.
The urgency of studying the problem is also due to the need to apply the accumulated historical experience in modern practice on the development and modernization of the functioning of fire and rescue units of the State Fire Service of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia.
The scientific novelty of the research is determined by a comprehensive analysis of the main historical aspects of the creation and development of the functioning of a professional fire brigade, which is aimed at the effective fulfillment of the tasks facing fire departments.
Keywords: professional fire brigade, numbers (ranks) of fires, exit area, conditional numbers of parts.
Sidarus Abanub Fahmy Salib
Some aspects of the establishment of relations between Egypt and Italy
This article examines the relations between Italy and Egypt in a historical context: from ancient times to the present. The emergence of the so-called "Italian Egyptians" contributed to the deepening of interaction in various fields of activity between the two countries - primarily in the field of Italian culture and the Christian religion. The strengthening of Roman and later Italian influence in Egypt played an important role in the development of such areas as shipping, the establishment of close trade relations, and cultural interaction.
Keywords: Egypt, Italy, "Italian Egyptians", Italian-Egyptian relations, Benito Mussolini, Mohammed Ali.
Barov S.A., Associate Professor, Candidate of Political Science, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Department of Foreign Languages and Intercultural Communication of the Faculty of International Economic Relations.
Batchaeva A.M., Graduate student of the Department of Russian History of the Historical faculty of The Karachay-Circassian State University named by U.D. Aliev.
Borodin M.P., Candidate of Historical Sciences. Associate Professor of the Department of Retraining and Advanced Training of Specialists. St. Petersburg University of the State Fire Service of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia.
Kalabekova S.V., Candidate of Philosophy. Associate Professor of the Department of Humanities of the North Caucasus State Academy (SKGA).
Kolesnikova O.Y., Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Civil Law and Procedure of the Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Branch in Pyatigorsk.
Kurkov V.V., Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of History of Kaluga State University named after K.E. Tsiolkovsky.
Panasyuk V.V., Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of History of the Institute of History and Law, Kaluga State University.
Raisov D., 3d-year postgraduate student of the Bashkir State Pedagogical University named after Akmulla. Department of National History.
Ryabova E.L., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, International Publishing Center.
Sidarus Abanub Fahmy Salib, Master student of the Department of Theory and History of International Relations. Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Sumskaya M.Y., Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law of the Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Branch in Pyatigorsk.
Ternovaya L.O., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor MADI (The Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University).
Zhukova J.A., Master of the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Department of Russian History, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.