|Geopolitics and patriotic education|
|Bredikhin A.V., Dzyuban V.V., Tretyakov A.V. The Don Cossack elite as an element of the ethnocultural Revival of the Cossacks||9|
|Kurkov V.V. Military service of the Cossacks in documents and letters A.V. Suvorov 1776 - 1790||17|
|History and society
|Ershov V.F., Sukiasyan A.A. From the history of Russian reforms at the beginning of the XXI century: state investment policy and social modernization programs||25|
|Pakhar V.V. Cossack wedding traditions of the Orenburg region as the basis of an additional general educational program for the formation of family values in students||33|
|Georgieva N.G., Zverev V.V., Kriazheva-Kartseva E.V. Russian Religious Revival or Spiritual Crisis in Russia at the turn of the 19th - 20th centuries: intelligentsia in search of the meaning of life||43|
|Narbut N.N., Mardonova Z.F. Features of the migration policy of Spain||50|
|Norng Rithy Relations between Cambodia and China||59|
|Petrovich-Belkin O.K., Butorov A.S., Smolik N.G. EU-Georgia cooperation on environmental security during the COVID-19 pandemic (2020-2021)||67|
|Khanaliyev N.U., Shpakovskaya M.A. The threat of the afghan crisis metastasis on Tajikistan||74|
The Don Cossack elite as an element of the ethnocultural Revival of the Cossacks
The revival of the Cossacks was a significant event of the late XX-early XXI century. It was thanks to him that the state-forming institution of the Russian Empire was able to move on to the restoration of rights and freedoms, traditions and culture, abolished by the Soviet government. An important element in this process was the Don Cossack elite. Through its consistent incorporation into the system of regional and federal authorities, it has formed support for the Cossacks at the highest level of decision-making. This study will present the main periods of institutionalization of the Cossack elite and the main actors in this process.
Keywords: All-great Don army, Cossack elite, perestroika, political parties, ethnocide.
Military service of the Cossacks in documents and letters A.V. Suvorov 1776 - 1790
The article examines various aspects of the military service of the Russian Cossacks, reflected in the documents and correspondence of A.V. Suvorov in the period 1776 - 1790. The author's main attention is paid to the study of the level of weapons and combat effectiveness of the Cossack regiments and the role that the Cossacks played in the organization of intelligence, supply, postal services in the Suvorov troops. The article analyzes the issues of rewarding distinguished heroes, sanitary protection and sea service of the Cossacks under the leadership of the great commander during the annexation of the Crimea and the Russian-Turkish war.
Keywords: cossacks, A.V. Suvorov, Kuban, Crimea, the Russian-Turkish war, intelligence, the fight against the epidemic.
From the history of Russian reforms at the beginning of the XXI century: state investment policy and social modernization programs
The article is devoted to the implementation of the state investment policy of Russia in the social sphere in the 2000s. The authors analyze the goals, directions and main forms of its implementation, highlighting the role of priority national projects (PNP) and federal target programs (FTP) in the process of socio-economic modernization of Russia. The paper studies process of formation of state institutions and business structures that participated in the implementation of social investment policy, shows the use of public-private partnership mechanisms for the financial support of state social programs in the 2000s. The authors come to the conclusion that during the period under review, state investments in social programs not only helped to improve the quality of life of people, but also were a significant factor in the modernization of Russian society during the period of economic transit and the formation of a new legal, social and business culture in the country.
Keywords: market reforms in Russia, Russian modernization, priority national projects, federal target programs, investment policy, social policy.
Cossack wedding traditions of the Orenburg region as the basis of an additional general educational program for the formation of family values in students
Since ancient times, it was believed that the family is the cell of the state, which means that if a strong family is a strong state. Currently, statistics show that in our country many marriages between young people end in divorce, and many families do not enter into legal marriage at all, but live together in a civil marriage.
Keywords: family, relationships, marriage, socialization, society, state.
Russian Religious Revival or Spiritual Crisis in Russia at the turn of the 19th - 20th centuries: intelligentsia in search of the meaning of life
The purpose of this article is to present the trends in the spiritual quest of the Russian intelligentsia at the turn of the 19th - 20th centuries. The publication describes the spectrum of spiritual trends - from Marxism to moderate conservatism, from Christian socialism to the occult. The authors come to the conclusion that the tragic events of the revolutionary period in the history of Russia were predetermined among many reasons, including the lack of a constructive dialogue between the intelligentsia and the Russian Orthodox Church.
Keywords: Russian religious revival, spiritual crisis, intelligentsia, Christian socialism, collection "Vekhi", N.A. Berdyaev, John of Kronstadt.
Features of the migration policy of Spain
The goal of the research article is the highlighting the main features of Spain's migration policy at the current stage. This article deals with the questions of inter-ethnic relationship in Spain's legislative system with the application of statistical data. The article focuses on the implementation of the integration strategy and the national programme of integration implemented at the regional and municipal level. It was noted that Spain has been successful in socialization of migrants as a result of the development of integration measures. The theoretical importance of the work is expressed in the comprehensive study that focuses on features of Spain's migration policy. As a result, the characteristics of Spain's migration policy were identified, the detailed legislation covering adaptation strategy of migrants was considered. The article identifies measures to establish an effective governmental system to regulate external migration.
Keywords: Spain, migration, geopolitics, society, personality.
Relations between Cambodia and China
This article looks at although Cambodia and the PRC do not share a common border, their relationship has flourished since the days of the Khmer Empire. Later, after a long and tense struggle, Cambodia gained independence from France in 1953. King Norodom Sihanouk led Cambodia to independence, which was officially declared on November 9, 1953 and continues until the current administration of Prime Minister Hun Sen. The article presents the past and present political and economic relations between the two countries, which entered into diplomatic relations after Cambodia recognized the legitimacy of the PRC in 1958. By developing good relations with China, King Norodom Sihanouk helped ease China's depression. in the 1960s, he fought at the UN to surrender the Republic of China (Taiwan). China provided financial assistance to Cambodia, which helped Cambodia to strengthen its nation.
Keywords: Cambodia, PRC, ASEAN, USA.
EU-Georgia cooperation on environmental security during the COVID-19 pandemic (2020-2021)
The article examines the main areas of environmental cooperation between the European Union and Georgia during the global pandemic COVID-19. The authors analyze the dynamics of environmental cooperation between the parties in 2020-2021 and highlight the areas of cooperation most affected by restrictive measures, quarantine, border closures and transport interruptions. At the same time, the authors note that cooperation between the EU and Georgia during the COVID-19 pandemic has not only not been halted, but has also been boosted in a number of areas, for example, in fundamental ecology and in some interdisciplinary fields (microbiology, environmental medicine). The conclusion is that EU-Georgian environmental cooperation is becoming an increasingly important element of environmental security in the South Caucasus.
Keywords: European Union, Georgia, environmental cooperation, pandemic, COVID-19, environmental security, South Caucasus.
The threat of the afghan crisis metastasis on Tajikistan
The ISIS leadership does not hide its plans to seize the territories of the Central Asian states, and then Russia. At the same time, the radicals realize that a military breakthrough into the Central Asian states remains a utopia for them. Therefore, the stake is mainly placed on the fact that sooner or later the socio-economic crisis in the Central Asian republics will significantly increase the protest potential of the population and bring the situation to anti-government protests, incl. and through advocacy by ISIL and its affiliates. It is on this prepared ground that ISIS members expect to join the political processes, which they will then be able to lead. At present, terrorists are concentrating in the north of Afghanistan bordering Tajikistan. ISIS detachments are trying to organize active propaganda in controlled areas, the key thesis of which is the inevitability of the soon fall of the "corrupt" secular power in Central Asia. Its goal is to bring fresh forces to ISIS, to win the sympathy of the population, tired of the realities of devastation, corruption and injustice.
Keywords: Afghan crisis, Tajikistan, USA, ISIS, Taliban, international terrorist organizations, foreign terrorist fighters, export of instability, threats to national security.
Bredikhin A.V., Candidate of Historical Sciences, Head of the First Children's Cossack Library № 128 - M.A. Sholokhov Cultural Center of the Central Library of the South-Eastern Administrative District.
Butorov A.S., PhD in History, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Theory and History of International Relations, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Dzyuban V.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Humanities, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation.
Ershov V.F., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Russian State University for the Humanities.
Georgieva N.G., PhD in Historical sciences, Professor of the Department of Russian History, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Khanaliyev N.U., Candidate of Political Sciences, First secretary of the Department for new challenges and threats Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation.
Kriazheva-Kartseva E.V., PhD, Professor of the Department of Russian History, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Kurkov V.V., Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of History of Tsiolkovsky Kaluga State University.
Mardonova Z.F., 4th year undergraduate student. Department of Theory and History of International Relations (TIMO). Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Narbut N.N., 4th year undergraduate student. Department of Theory and History of International Relations (TIMO). Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Norng Rithy, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Pakhar V.V., History teacher MOBU, Suzanov Secondary School. Novosergievsky district, Orenburg region.
Petrovich-Belkin O.K., PhD in History, Associate Professor of the Department of Theory and History of International Relations, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Shpakovskaya M.A., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Theory and History of International Relations, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences. Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Smolik N.G., Senior Lecturer of the Department of Theory and History of International Relations, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Sukiasyan A.A., Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor. Bashkir State University.
Tretyakov A.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Professor of the Department of Russian History Kursk State University.
Zverev V.V., PhD in Historical sciences, Professor, leading researcher at Institute of Russian History, Russian Academy of Sciences.